Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with one suitable word from this module
|1.||Toyota is a very ……… car.|
|2.||We need a ……… to convert mechanical power into electrical energy.|
|3.||New ……… of cables appeared about 10 years ago.|
|4.||Radio was a great ……… of 19th century.|
|5.||Electrical, solar, kinetic – are different types of ……… .|
|6.||A lot of pieces of safety equipment were ……… to protect the person’s body.|
|7.||These cables are very safe and quite ……… .|
|8.||Japan engineers have just designed a new ……… of cars.|
|9.||“I can’t find this information. Where do you ……… it on your computer?”|
|10.||New generation of implants is rather ……… and can be used safely.|
|11.||The system of central ……… is rather bad. It is usually chilly in the rooms.|
|12.||How many ……… of Engineering do you know?|
Translate the following sentences from English into Russian. Give the idea, not a word for word translation.
|1.||Children are usually full of energy.|
|2.||What types of energy do you know?|
|3.||What type of energy heats our houses?|
|4.||Generator produces energy.|
|5.||What powers the motor in this machine?|
|6.||This is a high-powered engine.|
|7.||How much is central heating nowadays?|
|8.||What type of energy was used to heat buildings a century ago?|
|9.||When was camera invented?|
|10.||Is it your invention?|
|11.||Who is the inventor of the wind-up technology?|
|12.||Implant – is a very useful invention.|
|13.||Before the invention of printing people had written books by hand.|
|14.||People usually store information on their computers.|
|15.||Energy can be stored and then used.|
|16.||Storing energy was a very clever invention.|
|17.||Solar energy is converted into electricity.|
|18.||It’s cheaper to convert solar energy into electricity to heat buildings.|
|19.||Japanese cars are usually very reliable.|
|20.||Electrical power is unreliable in some countries.|
|21.||People should care about the planet for future generations.|
|22.||A new generation of implants has just been invented.|
Check the knowledge of active vocabulary from this module with the help of
“ACTIVE VOCABULARY” section.
A WIND-UP RADIO
Read the following text and fill in the gaps with a word from the boxes below:
|operation clockwork spring countries powered useful equipment electrical electricity mechanisms|
A (1) __________ radio (or windup radio) is a radio that is (2) __________ by human muscle power rather than batteries or the electrical grid. In the most common arrangement, an internal (3) __________ generator is run by a mainspring, which is wound by a hand crank on the case. Turning the crank winds the (4) __________ , and a full winding will allow several hours of (5) __________ . Clockwork (6) __________ have now been replaced by batteries charged by hand-crank generators in commercial crank-powered radios.
Like other self-powered (7) __________ , clockwork radios were intended for camping, emergencies and for use in areas of the world where there is no (8) __________ and replacement batteries are hard to obtain, such as in developing (9) __________ or remote settlements. They are also (10) __________ where a radio is not used on a regular basis and batteries would deteriorate, such as at a vacation house or cabin.
|store organizations model batteries inventor plugs designed|
Newer crank-powered radios that do not use clockwork, but are designed for emergency, use often included flashlights, blinking emergency lights, and emergency sirens. They also may include multiple alternate power sources such as conventional or rechargeable (11)__________ , auto cigarette lighter (12)__________ , and solar cells.
Radios powered by handcranked generators are not new, but their market was previously seen as limited to emergency or military (13)__________ . The modern clockwork radio was (14) __________ and patented in 1991 by British (15) __________ Trevor Baylis as a response to the AIDS crisis. He envisioned it as a radio for use by poor people in developing countries without access to batteries. In 1996 he co-founded Baygen Power Industries (now Freeplay Energy PLC), which produced the first commercial (16) __________ . The key to its design was the use of a constant velocity spring to (17) __________ the potential energy.
TREVOR BAYLIS - A FAMOUS INVENTOR
Read the following text quickly and match the headings from the box with parts of the text.
|Fame Sport achievements The main invention Personal details Business activity Early life Inventions|
Read the text again and fill in the gaps. Use the words from the boxes in each part.
|energy inventor AIDS powered operate radio batteries Africa invented|
Trevor Graham Baylis is an English (1) __________ . He is best known for inventing the wind-up (2) __________ . Instead of using (3) __________ or external electrical source, the radio is (4) __________ by the user winding a crank for several seconds. This stores (5) __________ in a spring which then drives an electrical generator to (6) __________ the radio receiver. He (7) __________ it in response to the need to communicate information about (8) __________ to the people of (9)__________ .
|instructor School born college UK company mechanical skills|
Trevor Baylis was (10) __________ on 13 May 1937 to Cecil Archibald Walter Baylis and Gladys Jane Brown in Kilburn, London. He grew up in Southall, Middlesex, and attended North Primary (11)__________. His first job was in a Soil Mechanics Laboratory in Southall where a day-release arrangement enabled him to study (12) __________ and structural engineering at a local technical (13)_________ .
A keen swimmer, he swam for Great Britain at the age of 15. He narrowly failed to qualify for the 1956 Summer Olympics. When he was 20 he started his National Service as a physical training (14) _________ and swam for the Army and Imperial Services during this time. When he left the army he took a job with Purley Pools, the (15) __________ which made the first free-standing swimming pools. Initially he worked in a sales role but later in research and development. His swimming (16) __________ enabled him to demonstrate the pools and drew the crowds at shows, and this led to forming his own aquatic display company as professional swimmer, stunt* performer and entertainer, performing high dives into a glass-sided tank. With money earned from performing as an underwater escape artiste in the Berlin Circus he set up Shotline Steel Swimming Pools, a company which supplies modular swimming pools to schools in the (17) __________ .
|motor people invent prototype original mechanism television wind-up production information workshop|
Baylis' work as a stunt man made him feel kinship with disabled people through friends whose injuries had ended their performing careers. In 1985 this involvement led him to (18) __________ and develop a range of products for disabled (19) __________ called Orange Aids.
In 1991, he saw a (20) __________ programme about the spread of AIDS in Africa and that a way to stop the spread of the disease would be by education and (21) __________ using radio broadcasts. Before the programme had finished he had assembled the first (22) __________ of his most well-known invention, the (23) __________ radio, in his (24)__________ . The (25) __________ prototype included a small transistor radio, an electric (26) __________ from a toy car, and the clockwork (27) __________ from a music box. He patented the idea and then tried to put it into (28)__________ , but was met with rejection from everyone he approached.
|produce investors programme generation Design 1992 solar|
The turning point came when his prototype was featured on the BBC TV (29) __________ Tomorrow's World in April 1994. With money from (30) __________ he formed a company Freeplay and in 1996 the Freeplay radio was awarded the BBC Design Award for Best Product and Best (31) __________ . In the same year Baylis met Queen Elizabeth II and Nelson Mandela at a state banquet, and also travelled to Africa with the Dutch Television Service to (32) __________ a documentary about his life. He was awarded the 1996 World Vision Award for Development Initiative that year. Baylis filed his first patent in (33) __________ . 1997 saw the production in South Africa of the new (34) __________ Freeplay radio, a smaller lighter model designed for the Western consumer market with a running time of up to an hour on twenty seconds of winding. This radio has since been updated and now includes a (35) __________ panel so that it runs in sunshine without winding.
|ideas battery interviews provides invent protect inventors based company|
Numerous tours, (36) __________ and television appearances have followed, and Baylis has been awarded many honours including the OBE in 1997, and eleven honorary degrees from UK universities (1998 to 2005) including the degree of Doctor of the University from the Open University in 2001. In 1999 he received the coveted Pipe Smoker of the Year Award for his invention of the Freeplay radio from the British Pipesmokers' Council, which honours famous pipesmokers. He continued to (37) __________ , and in 2001 he completed a 100 mile walk across the Namib Desert demonstrating his “electric shoes” and raising money for the Mines Advisory Group. The "electric shoes" use piezoelectric contacts in the heels to charge a small (38) __________ that can be used to operate a radio transceiver or cellular telephone.
Following his own experience of the difficulties faced by (39) __________ , Baylis set up the Trevor Baylis Foundation to "promote the activity of Invention by encouraging and supporting Inventors and Engineers". This led to the formation of the (40) __________ Trevor Baylis Brands PLC. The company (41) __________ inventors with professional partnership and help; enables them to develop new (42) __________ ; tries to (43) __________ them; helps them to find the rout to market. Their primary goal is to secure license agreements for inventors, but they also consider starting up new companies around good ideas. The company is (44) __________ in Richmond, London.
Baylis has lived on Eel Pie Island for many years; he regularly attends jazz performances at the noted Eel Pie Island Hotel. He is single and is a smoker. Baylis was diagnosed with Crohn's disease in 1971; part of his small intestine has been surgically removed.
*a stunt = a very difficult or dangerous thing that somebody does to entertain people.