Переведите следующие словосояетания.

short–term – краткосрочный, кратковременный

long–term (long–time) – долгосрочный, длительный

long–term planning, long–term forcast, short–term memory, long–term credit, short–term service, short–term investment

Прочтите словосочетания и переведите их на русский яхык.

to attract and to retain customers; to deliver the product; average company losses; to be focussed on getting customers; word-of mouth advertising and referrals; to increase the share of a market; long-term commitment, to demand thought

Обратите внимание на разные значения следующих слов. Прочтите данные ниже предложения и вставьте нужное по смыслу слово.

customer – покупатель, заказчик, потребитель

consumer – потребитель, заказчик, абонент, покупатель

client – клиент, постоянный покупатель, заказчик, постоялец в гостинице

1. The prices of … goods decreased last month. 2. All the workers of this shop knew her very well. She was their … . 3. One of the main goals in business is to attract more … .

4. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст А5 , выпишите незнакомые слова.


Success in business is all about attracting and retaining customers. It sounds simple and achievable. But, in reality: once companies have attracted customers they often overlook the second half of the equation. In the excitement of beating off the competition, negotiating prices, securing orders, and delivering the product, managers become carried away. They forget the other side of business – ensuring that the customer remains a customer.

Failing to concentrate on retaining as well as attracting customers costs businesses huge amounts of money annually. It has been estimated that the average company loses between 10 and 30 per cent of its customers every year. In constantly changing markets this is not surprising. What is surprising is the fact that few companies have any idea how many customers they have lost.

Only now are organizations beginning to wake up to these lost opportunities and calculate the financial implications. Research in the US found that a five per cent decrease in the number of defecting customers led to profit increases of between 25 and 85 per cent.

In the US, Domino’s Pizzas estimates that a regular customer is worth more than $ 5,000 over ten years. A customer who receives a poor quality product or service on their first visit and as a result never returns, is losing the company thousands of dollars in potential revenue (more if you consider how many people they are liable to tell about their bad experience).

In practice most companies’ marketing effort is focussed on getting customers, with little attention paid to keeping them. Research suggests that there is a high degree of correlation between customer retention and profitability. Established customers tend to buy more, are predictable and usually cost less to service than new customers. Furthermore, they tend to be less price sensitive, and may provide free word-of-mouth advertising and referrals. Retaining customers also makes it difficult for competitors to enter a market or increase their share of a market.

So, a ladder of customer loyalty can be constructed. There is a prospect. They are then turned into a customer, then a client, then a supporter and finally, if the relationship is successful, into an advocate persuading others to become customers. Developing customers so they travel up the ladder demands thought, long-term commitment and investment.


1. Подберите к существительным в правой колонке соответствующее прилагательное слева и переведите сочетания:

1. financial 2. customer 3. word-of-mouth 4. long-term 5. price 6. sensitive 7. market a) losses b) implications c) opportunities d) advertising e) loyalty f) investment g) competition

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