Exercise 26. Make sure you know the words used in the article “Walt Disney”. Then read the article


adventure приключение
advertisement реклама
activity деятельность
ambition честолюбивая мечта
animation мультипликация
appeal привлекательность
career карьера, путь
cartoon карикатура
character характер, персонаж
deal сделка
distributor прокатчик
feature film художественный фильм
fine arts изящные искусства
gift дар
innovation новаторство
innovator новатор
hit хит
length длина
masterpiece шедевр
owner владелец
periodical журнал
profit доход
recognition признание
series серия
success успех
technique техника
voice голос
advertising рекламный
easy лёгкий
feature-length полнометражный
major крупный
minor мелкий
one’s own собственный
pointed заострённый
profitable доходный, выгодный
spiritual духовный
short-length короткометражный
silent немой (ф.)
true (to) life жизненно правдивый
unusual необычный
Наречия и выражения:  
besides кроме, помимо
even даже
the same тот же (самый)
soon скоро
no longer больше не
over $ 1,5 million свыше $ 1,5 миллионов долларов
from that time on с этого времени
it is interesting to note интересно отметить
“Snow White” “Белоснежка”
under Gosset под руководством Госсе
12 more ещё 12
Правильные глаголы в простом прошедшем времени:  
arrived прибывал
belonged принадлежал
called звал (назвал)
called for предусматривал
conceived задумал
created создал
decided решил
died умер
discovered обнаружил
financed финансировал
founded основал
grossed собрал (деньги)
introduced ввёл
managed сумел
noted отметил
produced производил (поставил)
received получил
reminded напоминал
studied учился, изучал
tested испытал
tried старался
used использовал



Walt Disney (1901– 1966).

Exercise 26. Make sure you know the words used in the article “Walt Disney”. Then read the article - student2.ru

W. Disney was born in Chicago on December 5, 1901 in a poor Irish family. He was the

youngest of four sons. Already in his childhood, he showed a gift for drawing and he dreamed of becoming an artist. His father sent him to high school in Chicago and in 1918

to the Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied cartoon technique under Gosset, a cartoonist on a Chicago periodical.

Disney started his film career with an advertising company. In 1920 the Kansas City Film Company took him on as a cartoonist. He began working with cartoon animation. He liked it so much that he worked on his films even at night. He made some animated advertisements and sold them to the owner of three Kansas City theatres.

His first big film was “Alice in Cartoonland” where he put a real person in a cartoon.

But he could not sell it in Kansas City. So he decided to go to Hollywood where he arrived in July, 1923. There he managed to sell “Alice in Cartoonland” in a deal calling for 12 more cartoons. The first six didn’t do well, but the seventh was a great hit. It brought Disney recognition and popularity.

When “Alice” series lost its appeal, Walt Disney created a new character – Oswald the Rabbit. Then he produced a new silent series - about Mickey Mouse (1928). Some biographers wrote that Mickey reminded of Disney himself. He had the same eyes, the pointed face and the same gift for pantomime. It is interesting to note that when Mickey Mouse started talking, he did so with Disney’s own voice. From that time on, Disney used the profits from one film to finance a new one. It was not always easy to find a distributor for his innovations.

In 1935 Disney got his first Oscar for creating Mickey Mouse. In 1936 Disney conceived a feature-length cartoon “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”. It took two years to make. It cost 1,5mln. But its success was unique. It was a real triumph. The film grossed 8 million dollars in the first year of its run. After the war Disney discovered that the cartoon shorts were no longer profitable. So he introduced another kind of short-length films: the “True Life Adventure” series. But Disney had a hard time getting a producer for the first film of the series. That is why he began to produce films himself.

Soon he became one of the USA major producers and founded his own studio called “Disney Productions”. Besides filmmaking Walt Disney tried other activities – TV and Disneyland (1935), a children’s park in California, where he tested his new ideas and attractions himself. Disney died in 1966 at the age of 65. In his lifetime, he received 32 Oscars. Most of his films are masterpieces of world film art.

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