Iii. 1. Exercises for practice
EXERCISE 1. Add -s or -es to the following words to spell them correctly.
1. passenger s 14. mix____
2. tax es 15. try____
3. talk _______ 16. tray____
4. blush ______ 17. ferry____
5. discover ______ 18. guy____
6. develop ____ 19. enemy____
7. season ____ 20. pry____
8. flash ____ 21. pray____
9. hall ____
10. touch ____
11. sketch ____
12. press ____
13. method ____
EXERCISE 2 - ORAL: Practice pronouncing the following words. Say the final -sl-es sounds loudly and clearly.
GROUP A: Final -s is pronounced [s] after voiceless sounds.
Examples: seats = seat + /s/
ropes = rope + /s/
backs = back + /s/
1. hats 6. unlocks
2. hates 7. sniffs
3. sleeps 8. laughs
4. trips 9. asks
GROUP B: Final -s is pronounced Izl after voiced sounds.
Examples: seeds = seed + /z/
robes = robe + /z/
bags = bag + /z/
sees = see + /z/
10. feeds 16. fills
11. lids 17. miles
12. robs 18. rugs
13. grabs 19. days
14. homes 20. pies
15. occurs 21. agrees
GROUP C: Final -es and -s are pronounced /iz/ after -sh, -ch, -s, -z, and -ge/dge sounds.
Examples: dishes = dish + /iz/
mixes = mix + /iz/
catches = catch + /iz/
prizes = prize + /iz/
kisses = kiss + /iz/
edges - edge + /iz/
22. wishes 30. relaxes
23. ashes 31. quizzes
24. matches 32. sizes
25. sandwiches 33. rises
26. guesses 34. pages
27. courses 35. judges
28. faces 36. arranges
a) Spell the words in the plural:
penny, Sunday, spy, monkey, fly, convoy, storey, story, Gypsy, butterfly, sky, ski, Mary;
b) cargo, solo, hero, echo, ghetto, potato, cello, Hindoo, concerto, Negro, albino, hair-do, portfolio, concerto, piano, cuckoo, Kangaroo.
c)Pronounce the words in the plural:
bath, truth, mouth, youth, death, oath, birth, month, myth, locksmith, path
d) Write and pronounce in the singular and plural:
knife, cliff, leaf, chief, thief, kerchief, handkerchief, calf, mischief, staff, roof, half, grief, hoof, scarf, relief, sheaf, life, belief, wharf, proof, safe, dwarf, cuff
EXERCISE 4. Give the plural forms to the following nouns.
kettle, birth, bath, telephone, deed, tree, butterfly, match, shoe, bus, glove, pie, fox, ski, taxi, bush, toe, life, photo, piano, handkerchief, roof, chief, woman, potato, goose, knife, study, tomato, thief, leaf, foot, child, mouse, deer, fish, sheep, man, calf, hero, shelf, brush, baby, fireplace, hoof, radio, storey, , box, handful, belief, watch, scarf, fee, pause, cloth, loaf, crash, beach, cow, motto, aircraft, businessman, move, glass, bush, copy, mango, valley, mummy, atlas, rally, hero, pity, omnibus, manifest, ray, ditch, agenda, fly, feature, lorry, buzz
EXERCISE 5. Write in the singular.
Skies, skis, Negroes, zeros, parties, keys, flies, files, cuckoos, hairdos, pianos, stories, taxis, tomatoes, matches, languages, roofs, leaves, mice, feet, data, deer, oxen, moose, halves, brethren, cliffs, tuna, bases, criteria, Japanese.
EXERCISE 6. Divide the following nouns into countable and uncountable, and write them down in two lists. Use a good dictionary to check your answers.
Affair, bath, bunch, cry, choice, crisis, decision, datum, downfall, enemy, education, formula, fox, health, information, knowledge, justice, law, life, mouth, market, message, mince, net, network, nail, oath, oak, onion, path, persuasion, piracy, right, relationship, progress, realization, security, salt, sandal, society, wreath, youth.
EXERCISE 7. Give the plural of the following nouns.
Branch, face, box, boy, portfolio, swine, deer, pie, journey, medium, man, thief, knife, basis, loss, criterion, ship, sheep, wolf, hero, daughter, spy, lie, bunch, genius, goose, child, bush, hen, zoo, roof, quiz, church, epoch, job, degree, soprano, safe, dictionary, loaf, valley, family, species, possibility, plant, state, tooth, mountain, dish, stomach, baby, calf, cow, volcano, woman, toy, government, committee, wrist, bottom, speach, tutor, means.
EXERCISE 8.Write the singular of the following nouns.
Classes, secretaries, people, shoes, ladies, teeth, keys, cargos, children, boxes, tomatoes, photographs, bushes, feet, series, radii, mice, trays, stimuli, leaves, umbrellas, monarchs, gentlemen, zeros, scales, chiefs, phenomena, theses, brethren, chairs, brushes, lines, arms, women, coats, chefs, factories, loaves, tigers, chickens, watches, calves, villages, flies, tongues, ankles, knees, eyes.
EXERCISE 9.Give the plural of:
a) A pin, a hat, a fox, a baby, a day, potato, a volcano, a piano, a photo, a knife, a roof, a half, a leaf, a cliff, a chief, a life, a family, a queue, a bath, a berry, a valley, a century, a salmon, a taxi, a person, a penny, a watch, a virtuoso, a lily, a woodworm.
b) A man, a woman, a German, a foot, a tooth, a sheep, a ship, a fish, an ox, a fox, a child, a fireman, a mouse, a swine, a house, a louse, a goose, a mongoose, a deer, a means, a series, a species, an aircraft, an offspring, a Swiss, a Japanese, a Maltese, a Portuguese, a Chinese, a Milanese.