Rush hour etiquette in Tokyo



до самостійної роботи з домашнього читання з дисципліни


для студентів усіх форм навчання , що опановують

спеціальності : 6.050100 „Фінанси”, 6.050100 „Облик і аудит”

ДОНЕЦЬК – 2006

Методичні вказівки до самостійної роботи з дисципліни «Англійська мова» для студентів УДУЕФ, що опановують спеціальністі 6.050100 „Фінанси”,6.050100 „Облик і аудит”

Донецьк: УДУЕФ, 2006

Укладач: Грачова Н.В., викладач кафедри соціально-гуманітарних дисциплін УДУЕФ.

Рецензент: Жданова Н.О., к.філ.н.

Затверджено і рекомендовано до використання у навчальному процесі на засіданні комісії філологічних дисциплін

протокол № від 2006

На засіданні методичної комісії протокол № від 2006


Це видання становить собою англомовний посібник для домашнього читання для студентів, які навчаються за напрямком „Фінанси” та „Облік і Аудит”. Мета видання – розвивати у студентів навички читання та перекладу, а також мовлення на основі газетних статей.

Посібник складається з 19 розділів. Кожен розділ має автентичний текст з „Financial Times” або „Economist”, а також з інших бізнес - джерел. Вони розвивають навички читання і потребують основного запасу слів, що стосуються бізнесу. Тексти надають контекст до роботи з вокабуляром.

У кінці кожного розділу є завдання, спрямовані на розвиток навичок говоріння, а також дають можливість до складання діалогів, монологів і висловлення думки щодо запропонованих тем, завдання, що розвивають комунікативні навички - такі, як рольові ігри.

Рекомендовано для студентів 1-2 курсу, що опановують спеціальність

„Фінанси” та „Облик і аудит”.


The present edition represents English text book for home reading for the students learning finance and accounting. The purpose of it is to develop reading and speaking skills on the basis of newspaper articles.

The textbook includes 19 Units. Each Unit has interesting and authetic texts from the Financial Times or Economist and other business sources.

They develop students’ reading skills and acquire essential business vocabulary. The texts provide the context for language work and vocabulary work.

At the end of each Unit there are activities which refer to students’ speaking skills. They give the opportunities to make dialogues, monologues, to express opinion on the cases concerned. There are also tasks developing communication skills, such as role play activities.

The textbook under review meets all the requirements, and could be recommended in teaching practice of English for non-linguistic specialties.


1. Introduction 5

2. Work and leisure 7

3. Problems 10

4. Travel 12

5. Food 14

6. Sales 17

7. People 20

8. Markets 23

9. Companies 25

10. The Web 28

11. Cultures 30

12. Jobs 33

13. Great Ideas 36

14. Marketing 39

15. Planning 42

16. Managing people 44

17. Conflict 47

18. New Business 50

19. Products 53

Literature 57

Unit 1 Introductions

Welcome to the company

Level of difficulty *

Before you read

What are the nationalities for these countries? Germany, Australia, Argentina, China, Greece, Spain


Read this article from a company magazine and answer the questions.

Profile: meet James Franklin

We are pleased to welcome James Franklin to Schmidt und Peck GmbH. James is an accountant in the finance department in the Berlin office. He is from Sydney, Australia. James is married to Anna Lise and they have two children. Anna Lise is a manager in the human resources department. “Anna Lise is German but she isn't from Berlin; she’s from Bremen,” James says. “We love Berlin and I’m very happy to join Schmidt und Peck.”.

Jame travels to Argentina, China, Greece and Spain for the company. Anna Lise and James like travelling. James is also interested in art and cars. He has an Audi and a Land Rover Discovery. “We drive to the mountains at weekends,”says James. James likes football and cricket. He plays football for the Schmidt und Peck team.

1. Are these sentences true or false?

a) James works in the production department.

b) He works for Schmidt und Peck GmbH in Berlin.

c) James isn't married.

d) He has three children.

e) Anna Lise is from Berlin.

f) James likes art.

g) James plays cricket for the Schmidt und Peck team.

2. Complete the sentences with forms of the verb to be.

a)………………James an accountant? Yes, he ……...

b) He …………from Germany. He……….. Australian.

c) Anna Lise………….. a manager in the human resources department.

d)………….they French? No, they………..

e) ………..James happy to work for Schmidt und Peck? Yes, he…….

f)They…………. interested in travelling.

Over to you

Write five questions about the text. Take turns to ask and answer questions with a partner.

Is Schmidt und Peck a German company? Is James from Perth?

Unit 1 Introductions

Welcome to Insead

Level of difficulty **

Before you read

Put these words under the correct heading. Use a dictionary to help you.

MSA, campus, walking, course, swimming, program, cinema, cafe, education, gym

Business school Free time

MBA walking


Read this information about a business school and answer the questions.

Welcome to Insead

My name is Han Ji-Yong. I’m an accountant from Korea. I want to introduce you to Insead. I’m a student on the MBA course. There are 836 students on the one-year MBA program. The students are from 70 different countries.

I like Insead because it gives me an international business education.I meet people from all around the world. My friends are from many different countries -Brazil, Vietnam, England. My two best friends are German and Greek.

Insead has campuses in Europe and Asia. The Asian campus is in Singapore. The

European campus is in Fontainebleau, France. It is 65 km from Paris. It isn’t a small campus. There are over 8,000 square metres of office space. There are 20 lecture theatres and conference rooms. There is a bookshop and an excellent library with over 45,000 books.

1. Match the numbers 1-6 to what they refer to a) to f).

1. 836 a) countries

2. 70 b) lecture theatres and conference rooms

3. 65 c) books in the library

5. 20 d) kilometres

6. 45,000 e) square metres

f) MBA students

2 Use the words from the box to complete the statements.

  International Korea around accountant student isn't  

a) Han ]i-Yong is an ………….

b) He is from…………

c) He is an…………….. at Insead.

d) Insead is a(n) ………………business school.

e) He has friends from all ………… the world.

f) Insead………….a small campus.

3 Complete the information in the box.

Noun Adjective
Korea   Europe Brasil Germany     Greece   Asian   Vietmanese French  

Over to you

Look at the information and take turns to say sentences about the National Business School. Use the last paragraph of the text as a model.

National Business School

§ campuses / the US and Russia

§ American campus / Chicago

§ Russian campus / Moscow

§ five hundred / students / thirty countries

§ library

§ 2 cafes/i restaurant

Ex.The National business School has campuses in the Us and Russia.

Unit 2 Work an leisure

The working week

Level of difficulty **

Before you read

Put these letters in the correct order to make the days of the week. Then write the days in the correct order.

a) dnesweyad Wednesday

b) firady

c) ndayom

d) nusyad

e) hurtayds

f) ydatasur

g) uesadyt


Read this article adapted from the Independent and answer the questions

Scientists tell us why we don't like Monday

Friday is great. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday are OK. Sunday is not so good. And Monday? We don’t like Monday.This is not a surprise for most people, but now you can tell your boss that scientists agree with you.

In an experiment, scientists from the University of Essex in the UK interviewed 5,000 workers at the beginning and the end of the week. The results say that people often have good job satisfaction on Friday, but by Sunday employees don’t like the idea of work.

Why don’t we like Monday? Dr Taylor, a scientist from the University of Essex, thinks that it could be because employees sometimes work more hours than they want to. This can make people unhappy at work. He advises that flexible working hours and taking days off in the week may help.

So, next time you wake up and hate Monday morning, take a holiday.

From the Independent

1. Are these sentences true or false?

a)Scientists interviewed five thousand employees.

b) They interviewed people twice a week.

c) People don't like their jobs on Sunday.

d) People enjoy working more hours than they want to.

e) Flexible working hours may help.

2. Number the information in the order that it appears in the article.

a) the name of a scientist

b) the days of the week

c) a number

d) the name of a university

3. Match the titles a) to c) to the three paragraphs in the article.

a) Possible solutions

b) The day we don't like

c) Scientists ask employees questions

Over to you

Put the days of the week in the order that you like them best. Are there any days that you don’t like? What are your ideal working hours?

Unit 2 Work an leisure

Rush hour commuting

Level of difficulty **

Before you read

Match the words 1-5 to their meanings a) to e)

1. computer a) rules of behaviour

2. punctual b) a lot of people

3. etiquette c) a time when lots of people travel

4. crowded d) a person who travels a long way to work

5. rush hour e) on time


Read this article adapted from and answer the questions

Rush hour etiquette in Tokyo

It’s difficult to be polite on rush hour trains in Tokyo. Millions of passengers use the underground every day. Platforms are crowded. When you get on the train, it’s almost impossible to read or move.

Japanese society is very polite. Is etiquette important on rush hour trains? Yes, it is. Posters ask passengers not to use mobile phones or carry rucksacks. People often offer to move seats so that two friends can sit together. Some passengers use the journey to sleep.

The trains are fast and punctual and the stations are safe and clean. Train staff enjoy their work. Commuters like the clean and safe environment - but they don’t like the crowded rush hour trains.


1. Underline the correct words in Italics to make true sentences.

a) It is impossible /possible to be polite on rush hour trains in Tokyo.

b) Many/Not many people use the underground trains every day.

c) It’s easy/difficult to read on the train.

d) It’s OK /not OK to use a mobile phone on the trains.

e) The trains are quick /slow.

f) Most train employees don't like /like their job.

2. Look at the article again. Match the words that go together to make word partnerships from the article.

1. get on a) rucksacks

2. be b) mobile phones

3. carry c) trains

4. use d) polite

3. Use the expressions from exercise 2 to complete the sentences.

a) It's important to…………… …………… in Japan.

b) It's difficult to……….. ……………….. at rush hour.

c) Posters ask people not to…….. …………. ………….. to make calls on the train.

d) It’s too crowded to………… ……………on the train.

Over to you

When is the rush hour in your country? Think of five different types of transport. Put them in the order that you like to travel. Are there any types of travel that you don’t like? Imagine your perfect way to travel to work every day. Compare your ideas with a partner.

Unit 3 Problems

A job-sharing couple

Level of difficulty ***

Before you read

Underline the correct words in italics to make true sentences.

a) A job-share is when two people do the same job in the same company/different companies.

b) Ideal is a very good /bad way for something to be.

c) Problem-solving is when you look for problems /find answers to problems.


Read this article adapted from the Guardian and answer the questions.

Mr and Mrs Boss

A job-share is when two people do the same job in the same company. For example, one person can work mornings and the other can work afternoons. Or one can work two days a week and the other can work three days a week. Sarah and Simon Truelove share the same job in the same company. Together they work as the finance director for a company in the UK.

A job-share with your partner can help-solve childcare problems. When one person is at work, the other can look after the children. But it isn't a good solution for all couples. Some people don't want to work with their partner. It is important not to talk about work all the time.

What are the advantages for employers? Couples are often good at problem-solving. Good communication is essential. Sarah Truelove says, “The ideal person to communicate with is Simon because I see him every evening to chat about things. I think it would be more difficult if I was job-sharing with anybody else.”

From the Guardian

1. Match the words on the left with a word or phrase on the right that has a similar meaning.

1. a couple a) looking after children

2. chat b) very important

3. childcare c) talk

4. twice d) partners

5. essential e) two times

2. Use the words from the box to complete the questions.

When What Who Where

a) …………… Sarah and Simon Truelove share?

b) …………… the ideal person for Sarah to communicate with?

c) …………do Sarah and Simon chat?

d)………… the company?

Over to you

Do you know anyone who job-shares or works flexible hours? Is it possible in your job? Is it a good idea to job-share with your partner? Why?/ Why not?

Unit 3 Problems

Choosing the right staff

Level of difficulty ***

Before you read

Use a dictionary to match the words with the correct definition.

1. to employ a) an organisation which produces or sells goods or services

2. staff b) all the people who work for an organisation

3. a skill c) to find new people to work for you

4. to recruit d) to pay someone to work for you

5. a business e) a person who tries to get a job

6. a candidate f) something a person does well because they have learned

and practised it


Read this article adapted from and answer the questions.

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