Ex. 14. The verbs in the box often go with the nouns in italics. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs. Sometimes more than one answer is possible
pass get attend do fail have take go study
1 Let's___ a break!
2 Please__ your homework.
3 How many exams are you_____________ ___? I hope you don't
any. You must__ for them if you want to____ them all.
4 Have you a degree ?
5 Do you want to to university?
6 Do you lessons on Saturdays?
7 We have to classes every day except Sunday.
Ex.15. Use your vocabulary. Work in groups. Which sentences do you agree with? Why? Number the sentences 1 to 8. (1 = you agree with this sentence the most.)
· Schools should teach more practical subjects (Examples: cooking, typing?)
· Music and art should be extra classes.
· There shouldn't be sports in school time.
· There shouldn't be school uniforms.
· Parents should help in the school.
· We should have our education when we are adults, not when we are children.
· Parents should educate their children at home.
· You learn more from going to work than going to university
Ex. 16. HOMEWORK. Choose the right answer.
1. Suddenly I understood perfectly and everything fell ….place.
a) down b) for c) into d) out
2. Judging by the….. Sean has put into his essay, he should do well.
a) exercise b) effort c) labour d) toil
3. In writing the account of his summer adventures, Neville chose not to… his experiences in the order in which they happened.
a) arrange b) classify c) compare d) compose
4. I must know where these quotations….. Please indicate their source.
a) began b) come from c) invent d) start
5. If you want to learn you will, no ……. who teaches you.
a) consideration b) matter c) question d) way
6. Will you …..this essay, please, and see if I have made any mistakes?
a) look through b) look up c) see through d) see to
7. My teacher never ….. my mistakes to me.
a) explains b) exposes c) marks d) reveals
8.There are a lot of mistakes in your homework, I'll have to….it again with you.
a) come through b) go over c) instruct d) pass
9. When I was at school we had to learn a poem ….. every fortnight.
a) by ear b) by eye c) by heart d) by mouth
10. I can't make anything ….. his writing.
a) from b) in c) of d) out
11. The instructor ….. me what my mistake was.
a) clarified b) demonstrated c) explained d) showed
12. It's no good …… me of giving the wrong answer!
a) accusing b) blaming c) criticising d) scolding
13......... Isn't it time you started your homework, Gilbert?
a) about b) good c) past d) the
14.I have been working since this morning, and I am absolutely …..
a) destroyed b) down c) exhausted d) tired
15. Turn the book round, you've got it …….
a) downside up b) inside out c) upside-down d) outside in
Ex 17. STUDENTS. Choose the correct answer.
1.Andy was.. …from school because of his bad behaviour.
a) evicted b) expelled c) left d) resigned
2.I'm not sure why he didn't go to the college, but I ….he failed the entrance test.
a) deduce b) estimate c) predict d) suspect
3. The study of …. .can be very interesting.
a) a history b) histories c) history d) the history
4. You can learn as much theory as you like, but you only master a skill by……it.
a) doing b) exercising c) practising d) training
5. Mabel's school report last term was most …
a) fortunate b) fulfilling c) satisfactory d) satisfied
6. Most of the students agreed to the plan, but a few … it.
a) argued b) differed c) failed d) opposed
7. Mr Genius was so … at maths at school that he became the youngest student ever to be accepted by a college.
a) brilliant b) hopeful c) keen d) proud
8. Miss Lazy has hardly done any …….. this week!
a) effort b) job c) labour d) work
9. When I told him my opinion, he his head …… in disagreement.
a) hooked b) knocked c) rocked d) shook
10.................... Please reply …… as I have no time to lose.
a) hastily b) promptly c) rapid d) swift
Ex. 18. Get it Right
WHAT KIND OF STUDENT ARE YOU?
Would you like to know your strong and weak points in the classroom? Find your sign of the zodiac below and read the text.
FIRE(Aries, Sagittarius, Leo)
Fire signs usually make optimistic students. However, you are to concentrate on one thing. You have lots of energy but sometimes you have your head in the clouds and don't know or care what is going on aroundyou. To make good progress you should try to concentrate on what you are doing today and not on what you want to do tomorrow.
EARTH( Capricorn, Virgo, Taurus)
Earth signs usually make serious and hard-working students. Exams are very important to you because you want to have a good job one day. You always check your homework. You like everything in its place and demand clear explanations of what is going on. You don't like change. Other students like you because you are practical and helpful and see everything so clearly. Try to let your hair down from time to time.
WATER(Cancer, Pisces, Scorpio)
You live in a world of your own and often dream, even in class. You often lose things and forget the time. You seem to learn without effort and usually do well if your teachers encourage you. You are very resourceful and artistic which makes your work very interesting though not always very accurate! Try to combine your imagination with the practical side of studying. And remember to do your homework.
AIR( Gemini, Libra, Aquarius)
You are a popular student and a good talker. You easily make friends and are happy to be part of a team. You are a flatterer which means you are probably popular with your teacher! But sometimes you are lazy. You have all the qualities to make success of your studies, so get on and do it! By the way air signs are good at learning foreign languages.
Ex. 19. Find the phrases in box A in the article. Without checking in your dictionary, try to guess from the context what each one means. If necessary, use the definitions in box В to help you.
1 to sail throughan exam
2 to gear yourself upfor exams
3 to stretch your legs
4 to hinderyour performance
5 to wind down
7 the trickier(questions)
8 to tacklea question
9 to pace yourself
10to retakean exam
a to make it difficult for smb to do something
b to go for a walk, especially after sitting for a long time
с to make a determined effort to do something difficult
d to succeed very easily in a difficult challenge
e to rest or relax after a lot of hard work or excitement
f to do an exam again
g to do something at a controlled, steady speed
h to prepare yourself for something you have to do
i taken quickly
j difficult, complicated, needing great care to do well
(From: Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate. By Sarah Cunningham and Peter Moor)
HOW TO PASS EXAMS
There is a technique to just sailing through, so make sure you don't just count on good luck.
It's that time of year again when students across the country are gearing themselves up for exams. If you feel you've left your revision too late, don't despair. Follow our guide and start today.
Before you start
Get organised: draw up a revision timetable of topics to cover. Stick to it and let friends and family know that you are serious, so they don't interrupt your studies.
If you find it difficult to concentrate, don't study at home where you will be easily distracted; go to your library instead. If motivation is a problem, arrange to meet a friend and study together. But don't let it turn into an excuse for a social chat or a moaning session! Remember what you are studying for. Why do you need these exams? Keeping your long-term goal in mind will help maintain your motivation.
Go with your body clock: if you're slow in the morning, use that time to do some background reading. Do the weightier work in the afternoon. Don't study for more man thirty to forty minutes at a time. Take regular breaks to get enough fresh air and stretch your legs. Don't study too late, especially the night before your exam. Tiredness will hinder your performance the next day. Always make sure you wind down before you go to bed.
It's important to maintain a happy, positive frame of mind, so don't let revising take over your whole life. Give yourself something to look forward to after a day's studying: meet friends for a drink, or relax in a warm bath. Eat well; have a proper meal rather than snacks snatched at your desk.
On the day
Allow plenty of time to get to the exam, but don't arrive too early or you'll sit around getting nervous. Resist the temptation to compare what you've revised with other students while-waiting.
Do read the paper thoroughly before starting. It's time well spent. It’s very easy to misunderstand simple instructions, when you are under a lot of pressure. On multiple-choice exam papers, go through and do all the easy questions first then go back to the beginning and try the trickier ones.
On essay papers, tackle the questions you feel happiest about first, so you can build up your confidence. Work out how much time you have for each question and pace yourself accordingly. You have nothing to gain from finishing early. Always keep things in proportion. The worst thing that can happen is that you'll fail. If necessary, you can usually retake an exam. (From Cosmopolitan)
Places to live: dwelling, lodgings, a block of flats, condominium/condo/ apartment building/ high rise (Am.), a penthouse condo housing estate, detached house, semi-detached house, terraced/ row house, cottage, bungalow, studio flat/ studio apartment, duplex apartment, duplex house,villa, time-share, ranch house, castle, mansion, palace, a sky-scraper, a hostel, barracks, an inn, a hotel in the neighbourhood, in the suburbs, on the outskirts, in town, out of town, downtown., uptown.
Parts of the house: a foundation, a basement , a front door, a rear/back door, a floor, (creaking)steps to the 2nd floor, a staircase/ stairway, a flight of stairs, a winding staircase, a landing, a lift/ an elevator, a porch, threshold, to walk onto a porch, a porch with a railing around it, a balcony, a loggia/ gazebo, a ceiling, a wall, a roof, a chimney, a terrace/ patio, a fence, a gate, a drive, a path/pathway to front door, an entrance, an exit, the top floor, the ground floor.
Roof: aflat/ shed/ gable/ tile roof; to install roof, shingles.
Chimney: air/ brickwork/ built-in chimney
Wall: blank/brick wall; paneled w.; wall of floor-to-ceiling windows; to erect wall.
Window: folding /sliding / observation window; window opening, window frame, window-sill, French window/doors, stained-glass w., w. divided into panes; to open onto a balcony, the w. at the veranda, curtains, blinds, Venetian blinds; jalousie; shutters; to draw/ pull the curtains.
Door: front/ rear/ back/ single/ double/ sliding/ revolving/ inside/ external/ pneumatic door; doorway; to stand in the doorway; the door is ajar.
Floor: linoleum, parquet, a fitted carpet.
Rooms: a living / sitting/ drawing room/ parlour/ lounge, a bedsitting room, a reception room, a bedroom, a nursery/ kid’s room, a study, a spare/ guest room, a utility room, a junk room, an attic, a pantry/ larder, a walk-in closet, a dining room, a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet/ lavatory/ WC/ washroom/ loo.
*** huge/ spacious/ enormous, tiny/ small/ poky, light, dark, draughty, clean, (un)tidy/ in a mess, in order, in good/ bad condition.
Lawn: a flowerbed; a clearing; evergreen trees
Moving into a new flat: to move into, to move in/out, to decorate/ to do the decorating, to have sth repaired/ fixed, to put things right, to mend sth, to wallpaper, to paint, to whitewash , to furnish a flat, a housewarming party, to receive guests, a host/hostess.
Modern conveniences: air-conditioner; heater; intercom.
Useful expressions: to be crammed up with furniture/ things, to block out sth, to move sth around, to (re)furnish, to refurbish
Kitchen: refrigerator/ fridge/ Am. icebox; refrigerator shelf, salad drawer, frozen food compartment, bottle rack (in storage door); freezer; wall cupboard/ a kitchen cupboard; working top; a cooker unit; electric cooker/ gas cooker; oven; oven window; stove; hotplate/ burner, cooker hood; dish drainer, dishwasher.
Kitchen Utensils and Appliances: hand mixer, electric coffee grinder( with rotating blades),pot, jug, spice jar, plate, sink, water tap, coffee maker, dinner plate; roll holder with kitchen roll; frying pan, Thermos jug, bowl, glass cover, lemon squeezer, whistling kettle, pan set, lid, saucepan, corkscrew, juice extractor, spring form, cake tin, toaster, food slicer, mincer / Am. meat chopper, blender.
Dining Room: dining table, table leg, table top, curtains, net curtain, curtain rail, carpet, wall unit, glass door, sideboard, cutlery drawer, linen drawer, pot plant, china cabinet/ display cabinet, coffee set, coffee pot, saucer, milk jug, sugar bowl, dinner set/ dining set, ashtray, tray, whiskey bottle, soda water bottle.
Hall: hall/ entrance hall, coat rack, coat hook, coat hanger, hall mirror, chest of drawers for shoes, ladies’ hat, umbrella stand, telescopic umbrella, handrail, step, front door, door frame, door lock, door handle, door knob, keyhole, spy hole.
Living room: wall unit/ side wall, drinks cupboard; upholstered suite, cushion, settee, coffee table.
Bedroom: single/ double bedroom; wardrobe, linen shelf, cane chair, double bed, foot of the bed, head of the bed, bed frame, bedspread, duvet, a quilt, blanket, cover slip, sheet, a linen sheet, mattress, a foam mattress, pillow, pillowcase/ pillowslip, tick, reading lamp, bedside cabinet, drawer, bedroom lamp, bedside rug, fitted carpet, dressing stool, dressing table, dressing-table mirror.
Children’s room/ Nursery: children’s bed, bunk bed, ladder, soft toy dog, fashion doll, doll’s pram, sleeping doll, canopy, counting beads, toy horse for rocking and pulling, ludo, chessboard, drop-flap writing surface, pencil( crayon, felt tip pen, ballpoint pen)wooden train set, toy telephone, a toy lorry, dice cup, glue, watercolour painting, paintbox, paintbrush, coloured pencils, wax crayons, modeling clay / plasticine, counting blocks, building and filling cubes, , building bricks/ blocks, doll’s pushchair.
Bathroom & Toilet: bath, mixer tap for hot and cold water, foam bath, bath sponge, bidet, towel rail, toilet roll holder / Am. bathroom tissue holder, toilet paper,, toilet pan,, toilet lid, toilet seat, cistern, flushing lever, tile, ventilator, soap dish, hand towel, washbasin, tooth glass, electric toothbrush, mirrored bathroom cabinet, fluorescent lamp, powder box, electric shaver, aftershave lotion, shower cubicle, shower curtain, adjustable shower head, shower base, waste pipe.
Ex1. Mind the difference between the two words: HOUSE & HOME.
1. I haven’t met Sam before. He’s great. We got on like a … on fire.
2. I know the bridge looks a bit dangerous. But don’t worry- it’s as safe as … .
3. We stay at my sister’s house so often – it’s like a … from …
4. Yes, I suppose we had a good holiday. The weather was good but the hotel was nothing to write … about.
5. No, no, put your wallet away. It’s on the … .
6. Jamie, hi! Nice to see you! Come in! Make yourself at … .
(Richard MacAndrew, Ron Martinez. INSTANT DISCUSSIONS, - Thompson, Heinle, 2004).