Постарайтесь запомнить эти выражения и используйте их в речи.

He is hard to please. (Ему трудно угодить.)

He is difficult to deal with. (C ним трудно иметь дело.)

The text is difficult to translate. (Этот текст трудно перевести.)

She is pleasant (beautiful, pretty) to look at. (Она хорошенькая, у нее привлекательная внешность.)

There is nothing to be done. (Ничего не поделаешь.)

There are many things to be done. (Надо многое сделать)

The house is to let. (Дом сдается внаем.)

Who is to blame? (Кто виноват?)

Be sure to come. (Непременно приходите.)

I have something to tell you. (Мне надо вам кое-что сказать.)

Упражнение 1.Переведите предложения, содержащие Complex object.

1. We heard the bell ring. 2. I saw my dreams come true. 3. You surely don't expect me to do all that work in one day, do you? 4. They watched the boys play football. 5. The students believe the data to be reliable. 6. I expect you to work hard. 7. They required us to take an examination. 8. The mother wanted her children to help her with her housework. 9. He heard her open the door. 10. They watched the temperature rise gradually.

Упражнение 2.Переведите данные предложения, укажите те предложения, которые содержат Complex object.

1. We know this farm to be very profitable. 2. He wants to work in Great Britain. 3. We heard them sing in the next room. 4. The director demands to change the technology of production. 5. We consider our accountant to be very experienced. 6. The workers expect to receive good wages this month. 7. We expect the weather to change.

Упражнение 3.Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя Complex object.

1. Я никогда не слышал, как он поет. 2. Я бы хотел, чтобы ты прочитал эту книгу. 3. Преподаватель попросил нас прекратить разговоры. 4. Я хочу, чтобы вы разговаривали со мной вежливо. 5. Я не ожидал, что он мне напомнит об этом. 6. Он хотел, чтобы мы добавили несколько слов. 7. Он не заметил, как поезд тронулся. 8. Они наблюдали, как она играла на пианино. 9. Видели ли вы как он играет в волейбол? 10. Слышали ли вы как она говорит по-английски?



1. I don’t want my son be/to be/been/have been a painter.

2. It's not pleasant to be waiting/have been waited/ being waited/waited for you here now.

3. He seems be/to be/been/ was right.

4. I am sorry not to have brought/brought/be brought/ bring you the book.

5. This work can be done/done/being done/do in an hour.

6. She heard somebody touch/to touch/have touched/has been touched her shoulder.

7. I must have left/left/leaving/be leave my exercise-book at home.

8. They are sorry not to have passed/pass/be passing/ having been passed their entrance exams with excellent marks.

9. To understand these principles one must know/knowing/having known/be known the basic concepts of economy.

10. The problem is to be discussed/to discuss/ to have discussed/discussing at the conference.

11. England looks like one well ordered park. Englishmen like old trees preserve/to preserve/be preserved/to be preserved.

12. To develop/have developed/develop/having been developed small business at a rapid rate is one of the most important tasks of today.

13. The street to be crossed/being crossed/cross/have crossed was very wide.

14. She knows him to be/have been/be/being to the UK last year.

15. There are many rules to be remembered/remember/remembering/will be remembered when you translate from the foreign languages.

16. Don’t expect him be/to be/have been/has been in time: he is always late.

17. I am happy to be told/have hold/tell/have been told this story.

18. I know him to write/be writing/ have written/have been writing this book for 2 years already.

19. She didn’t let me reading/read/to read/have read this book.

20. If you want to pass your exam in English you are expected to have learnt/learning/to learn/being learnt all the Grammar rules.


Причастие. Формы причастия

( The Participle: forms)

simultaneousness priority
ACTIVE   writing __________     having written
PASSIVE   being written   written   having been written  
Как переводить разные формы причастия на русский язык:
Формы причастия   Как их переводить
причастием деепричастием
building   строящий строя
having built   ______   построив  
being built   строящийся (т. е. который строят) будучи строящимся (т. е. когда его строили)
having been built   _______   будучи построенным (т. е. после того, как его построили)
built   построенный   _______  

1. I looked at the workers building a house. – Я посмотрел на рабочих, строящих дом.

2. While being built the house attracted attention of everybody in the village. - Строящийся дом привлекал внимание всех жителей деревни.

3. Having built the house he felt happy. - Построив дом, он почувствовал себя счастливым.

4. Having been built the house was immediately moved into. - Когда дом построили, его сразу же заселили.

5. Built at the beginning of the last century the house differed from all the other buildings in the neighbourhood. - Построенный в конце прошлого века, дом отличался от остальных зданий в округе.

Упражнение 1. Переведите предложения на русский язык. Определите вид и форму причастия.

1. Having translated an article, the student gave it to the teacher.

2. The translated article is about electrical furnaces.

3. The student will also use some electrical devices working in the laboratory.

4. The lightning conductor having been invented is widely used in our life.

5. An iron bar placed in the field of a magnet becomes magnetized.

6. The article being translated is about the application of electricity.

7. Speaking of the electrically operated devices, one can mention the refrigerator.

8. Being widely used in industry, electrical motors are also used in every home.

9. Having been shown the wrong direction, the travellers soon lost their way.

10. Being busy, he postponed the trip.

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму причастия.

1. (to run) across the garden, she fell and broke her leg.

2. (to give) dictionaries, we managed to translate the article easily.

3. (to approve) by the specialists my novel was accepted by a well-known magazine.

4. (to buy a newspaper) I began reading it.

5. The tale (to tell) by a nurse, made a great impression on a child.

6. Take care (to cross) the street.

7. (to write) in haste the letter was difficult to read.

8. A (to cry) child was hungry.

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