Read the text below. For questions (22 – 33) choose the correct answer (A, B,C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Generation Gap

As president of the Walt Disney Company’s children’s book and magazine publishing unit, Russell Hampton knows a thing or two about teenagers. Or he thought as much until he was driving his 14-year-old daughter, Katie, and two friends to a play last year in Los Angeles.

“Katie and her friends were sitting in the back seat talking to each other about some movie star; I think it was Orlando Bloom,” recalled Mr. Hampton. “I made some comment about him, I don’t remember exactly what, but I got the typical teenager sigh and Katie rolled her eyes at me as if to say, ‘Oh Dad, you are so out of it.’ ”

After that, the back-seat chattering stopped. When Mr. Hampton looked into his rearview mirror he saw his daughter sending a text message on her cellphone. “Katie, you shouldn’t be texting all the time,” Mr. Hampton recalled telling her. “Your friends are there. It’s rude.” Katie rolled her eyes again.

“But, Dad, we’re texting each other,” she replied. “I don’t want you to hear what I’m saying.” Mr. Hampton turned his attention back to the freeway. It’s a common scene these days, one playing out in cars, kitchens and bedrooms across the country.

Children increasingly rely on personal technological devices like cellphones to define themselves and create social circles apart from their families, changing the way they communicate with their parents. Adults and teenagers alike found a form of easy communication unknown to the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, and his daughters.

And the computer, along with the Internet, has given even very young children virtual lives distinctly separate from those of their parents and siblings.

Social psychologists who have studied the social impact of mobile communications, say these trends are likely to continue as cellphones turn into mini hand-held computers, social networking devices and pint-sized movie screens.

“For kids it has become an identity-shaping and psyche-changing object,” Ms. Turkle said. “No one creates a new technology really understanding how it will be used or how it can change a society.”

6What is mentioned in the text about Russell Hampton?

AHe is professionally engaged in film production.

BHe used to think he understood youngsters.

CHe finds it hard to drive with kids chatting.

DHe felt hurt by his daughter’s impolite reaction.

7Why did Katie and her friends stop chattering in the car?

AMr. Hampton ordered them to be quiet.

BThey did not want to distract the driver.

CThey wanted to keep their conversation private.

DThey did not have anything else to talk about.

8Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text?

AMr. Hampton tried to teach his daughter good manners.

BKatie was sceptical about her father’s views and remarks.

CThe generation gap has deepened due to technological advances.

DIt was easy for Alexander Bell to communicate with his daughters.

9What can one conclude about modern children from the text?

AThey use the Internet to hide their identity.

BThey run away from present-day reality.

CThey use cellphones to form their own community.

DThey prefer texting to any other forms of communication.

10What is stated in the text about technology developers?

AThey can rarely predict the effect of their inventions.

BThey should follow the advice of social psychologists.

CThey concentrate their efforts on mini computers.

DThey try to bridge the generation gap with their gadgets.

Read the text below. For questions (22 – 33) choose the correct answer (A, B,C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Many of us are packing and planning for this year's holiday where we will enjoy, sun, sea and good food. But even if you're not (22)_________on holiday this summer there's no reason why you can't eat as if you were in the Mediterranean and enjoy the taste of summer at home. The Mediterranean diet has long been advocated for its health benefits and many researchers claim it can help reduce cholesterol and heart disease, (23) __________ longevity and even help protect against cancer. It was back in the 1940's that Ancel Keys first noticed the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet. This study showed that men from Crete, where they ate a typically Mediterranean diet, had (24) __________ low levels of heart disease (25) __________ a relatively high fat diet when compared to the residents of other countries. This (26) _________ other researchers to investigate and confirm the health promoting properties of the Mediterranean diet.

The essentials of a Mediterranean diet are eating lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, for example cereals and grains, nuts, seeds, beans, herbs, garlic, fish and of course olive oil; all healthy food that can easily be incorporated (27) ___________ our every day diet. Fruit and vegetables, as well as olive oil, provide lots of antioxidants and it's these that are thought to help protect against cancer. In the most European countries we say everybody should (28) _________ to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day, but in some Mediterranean countries eight portions a day are more usual. Fruit and vegetables not only provide vitamins and minerals, but they are also a good source of fibre, help reduce the (29) ____________of heart disease and some cancers and can help us (30) ___________ a healthy body weight. The greater the variety of fruit and vegetables consumed, the greater the benefits. Fresh fruit makes a great dessert, add a bit of Greek yoghurt to make it more interesting and (31) __________sweets with concentrated sugars and honey to weekly treats.

Small amounts of yoghurt and cheese provide calcium, but dairy products (32) ________cream and butter are rarely part of the Mediterranean diet. Pasta and rice provide good carbohydrates but do opt for the wholemeal or brown varieties for extra B vitamins and fibre.

Other Mediterranean health tips include buying fresh local seasonal produce, regular physical activity, the (33) __________ glass of red wine and bit of relaxation; all the components for a good holiday home or abroad.

A walking B going C riding D driving
A promote Bprovided C give D stimulate
A strangely B exactly C unconditionally D exceptionally
A despite B because of C instead of D provided that
A advised B led Cruled D managed
A with B into C to D for
A meam B go C direct D aim
A fear Boccurrence C risk D happening
A maintain B preserve C promote Dconfirm
A diet B restrict C arrange D reduce
A such B as C of D like
A temporary B accidental C occasional D momentary

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