Look at the following common interview questions. Write the type of question (a-c) next to each question (1-12)
a. Questions that require you to talk about yourself, your ambitions, your personality, your hobbies and interests.
b. Questions that require you to prove you have researched the job and company you have applied for work with.
c. Questions that require you to demonstrate you have the skills and experience required for the job.
1. Can you tell us something about yourself? _a_
2. What experience do you have that is relevant for this position? ___
3. What did learn during your time at university? ___
4. What do you see as your strengths? ___
5. What do you think about our website? ___
6. What attracted you to this position? ___
7. How do your colleagues describe you? ___
8. What sorts of projects did you work on in your last position? ___
9. What university did you attend and why did you choose it? ____
10. How do you typically approach new projects? ___
11. What do you know about our company? ___
12. Where do you see yourself in five years’ time? ___
Summarize the main idea of the text in 8-10 sentences.
Read the following text dealing with the topic of Unit V.
What are Internships?
“Internships provide short-term, practical experience for students, recent graduates, and people changing careers,” according to the Occupational Outlook Quarterly. They last from 10 weeks to 12 months and are designed primarily for college students (although some are open to high school students and career changers). Many internships are unpaid, while some provide a stipend or academic credit. Internships provide you with an excellent way to try out a career, learn valuable job and soft skills, and build a network of contacts in your industry.
Your experiences as an intern will vary greatly depending on your employer and whether the program is sanctioned by your college. Some interns fetch coffee and open mail, while others get hands-on experience working on a variety of critical projects. Obviously, the best type of internship is one where you receive hands-on experience—ideally in more than one department at the company. But even if you end up performing clerical duties, you should make the most of your internship by using it as an opportunity to expand your network and make future employment contacts.
The types of Internship programs.
There are several types of internships, according to WetFeet.com, a career resource Web site. They include cooperative education, externships, practicums, service learning, field experience, and apprenticeships.
This is the most common type of internship. Students participate in a formal program that has been created as a partnership between the college and a company. You will get the opportunity to work in fields that match your major and often receive college credit for your experiences.
Externships are a lot like job shadowing, and they last only one to three weeks. They are most popular in the legal and medical fields and are unpaid. According to WetFeet, externships “enable you to investigate a career field without making a long term commitment.” If you participate in an externship, you will follow a worker during a typical day on the job. You will get to learn about the worker’s job duties and work environment, the pros and cons of his or her job, and the skills that are needed to be successful in that type of career.
In a practicum, you get the opportunity to apply what you are learning in college to a real-world project. These group or individual projects are organized by your academic adviser or department head to help you get real-world experience in a field and develop relationships with potential employers.
Service learning is a community-based form of internship in which you develop a project that improves your community. This might involve working at a homeless shelter, assisting in a literacy program at a local high school, cleaning up a park, or helping elderly people get to medical appointments. Service-learning projects typically consist of three steps. First, you work with your adviser to establish the goals and time duration of your endeavor. Then you actually perform the work. Finally, you study your experiences and present conclusions about the effectiveness of your work.
Participating in fieldwork is an excellent way for people pursuing careers in science, anthropology, sociology, or other fields to gain hands-on experience. It is a good way to apply all the theory you learn in class to real-world situations. Field experiences can vary greatly based on your major and school. For example, anthropology students at Saint Louis University recently participated in fieldwork that studied the social behavior and ecology of the mantled howler monkey in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Elementary-education students at Humboldt State University observed and participated in social studies and science classes at local elementary schools. Students in Misericordia University’s Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Program received the opportunity “to apply academically acquired knowledge in assessing, planning, and implementing occupational therapy intervention programs for consumers in a wide variety of traditional and non-traditional service settings.”
Participating in an apprenticeship will help you to learn a high-skilled trade such as plumbing technology, clothing design, or electronics technology. Apprenticeships usually combine both in-school education and practical experience. They offer wages that increase as you gain more experience. Apprenticeships can last anywhere from one to five years. Visit http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/training/ apprenticeship.htm for more information on apprenticeships.
|graduate||выпускник учебного заведения|
|academic credit||академический зачетный кредит|
|hands-on experience||практический опыт|
|clerical duties||обязанности секретаря|
|apprenticeships||профессионал. обучение и практика|
|job shadowing||наблюдение за работой специалиста|
|work environment||условия труда|
|occupational therapy||профессиональная переподготовка|
|intervention programs||коррекционная программа|
|gain experience||приобретать опыт|