Соотнесите английские слова и выражения с их русскими эквивалентами
|1) Home Civil Service||a) должностное лицо исполнительной власти|
|2) Principal Private Secretary||b) служба безопасности|
|3) Cabinet Secretary||c) внутренняя гражданская служба|
|4) Security Service||d) постоянный заместитель министра|
|5) Administrative Assistant||e) должностное лицо исполнительной власти, занимающее более высокое положение|
|6) Administrative Officer||f) помощник начальника по административной части|
|7) Executive Officer||g) секретарь кабинета министров|
|8) Higher Executive Officer||h) сотрудник административного органа|
|9) Senior Executive Officer||i) старшее должностное лицо с исполнительными функциями|
3. Прочитайте и переведите текст The Civil Service in Britain. Выберите правильный ответ для утверждений, данных после текста (из a, b, c)
THE CIVIL SERVICE IN BRITAIN
The Civil Service executes government decisions and therefore plays a vital part in British Politics. The Civil Service currently employs about 500,000 workers. It is split into a number of departments attached to a government department. A Cabinet minister heads one of these departments and those civil servants within that department are meant to work for that minister in carrying out government policy. This specific role is very important as a government minister is a working MP and has been elected by the voters in his/her constituency. Civil servants are not elected; they apply for a post in the Civil Service and any promotion within the Civil Service is dependent upon decisions made within the Civil Service itself - not by the electorate.
The Civil Service in Britain is very hierarchical. At the top are the Permanent Secretaries and the so-called 'mandarins'. These hold the most senior positions in the Civil Service.
Their tasks are many and varied. They advise ministers on policies pertinent to their departments. They prepare policy papers and speeches for ministers, they deal with a minister's correspondence and help to prepare him/her for questions that might arise in the House of Commons. In addition to other tasks they maintain a minister's official diary and minute meetings.
The next layer down is the permanent career official who works within a government department and carries out government policies. As with all civil servants, these people are meant to be neutral in a professional sense. They might have their own political views, but these must not be allowed to interfere or jeopardise their work. In theory, this level should not have policy making powers, but they might be called upon to give advice if it is thought that their knowledge on a topic is sufficiently expert. This layer of civil servant will be very knowledgeable about issues such as costs, technical problems involved in some aspects of a proposed government policy, etc. Such expertise is called upon and ministers might legitimately ask such people to give input even if they are non-elected persons. If a civil servant does give input to a government decision regarding policy, he/she remains anonymous. If the policy is a success, the minister takes the credit, if it is a failure, the minister takes the blame.
While the civil servant works for the department (and therefore the government) that he/she is in, there are a number of legally enforceable restrictions placed on all civil servants.
Civil servants can vote in elections, but while they are a member of the Civil Service, they cannot stand for a political office.
All civil servants are bound by the Official Secrets Act, and they may not speak to the media or write about their experiences without permission. What is made available to the media/public comes from the government alone. Senior civil servants must not be politically active.
Civil servants must not be members of extreme left or right wing political parties - though they can be members of mainstream parties.
Some civil servants in sensitive posts (such as in the Defence Ministry) can have their private lives investigated by the Security Services.
1) The Civil Service is split into …………….
2) Promotion within the Civil Service depends on the decisions of …………
a) Prime Minister
b) Civil Service
3) The most senior positions in the Civil Service are held by …………
a) Permanent Secretaries
c) Principal Private Secretaries
4) ………… are very knowledgeable about some aspects of government policy.
a) Cabinet Secretaries
b) Administrative Assistants
c) Permanent career officials
5) Civil Servants can be members of …………
a) left wing political parties
b) right wing political parties
c) mainstream parties
4. Прочитайте текст The Civil Service in Britain еще раз. Определите какое из утверждений является истинным (T) или ложным (F). Отметьте варианты ответов
|1. Civil Servants carry out government policy.|
|2.The Permanent Secretaries hold the most senior positions in the Civil Service.|
|3. The so-called “mandarins” are knowledgeable about costs and technical problems involved in some aspects of government policy.|
|4. Civil Servants can vote and stand for a political office.|
|5. Civil servants can be members of any political party.|
5. Прочитайте текст The Civil Service in Britain еще раз и письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы
1)Why do Civil Servants play a vital part in British Politics?
2) Who works for the Cabinet Ministers carrying out government policy?
3) What are the functions of the Permanent Secretaries?
4) What can Permanent Career Officials do and what they can't do?
5) What restrictions do civil servants have?
6. Прочитайте текст People in the Civil Service и заполните пропуски словами из рамки