I. Read the text and answer the questions. The summer was very hot. Mr
The summer was very hot. Mr. Blake decided to go to the seashore for his summer vocation. He booked a railway ticket, packed his things, and was about to start for the station when he remembered that he had to ask the housekeeper to post to him all the letters he would receive. She promised to do that.
The weather was fine. The sea was calm. Mr. Blake spent much time on the seashore, got sunburnt and felt fine. The only one thing that worried him was the fact that he had not received any letters. He thought it was strange, so he called his housekeeper to find out that she had no key to his letter box.
Mr. Blake apologized and promised to send her the key. On the same day he put the key into an envelope, wrote down his address on it and posted the letter.
Another month was passing. Mr. Blake had a nice time on the seashore. He swam in the sea, went boating and fishing. He still did not receive any letters.
When his summer vocation was over, he returned home. The housekeeper met him very warmly, but Mr. Blake was very angry with her. She could not understand why he was so angry. Mr. Blake asked why she had not sent him his letters.
The poor woman explained to him that she could not get the key as it was in the locked letter box together with the letters.
1. What is the main idea of the text?
2. Where did Mr. Black want to go?
3. What did he ask his housekeeper to do?
4. Did Mr. Black send his address to his housekeeper?
5. Why was he angry?
II. Read the story and retell it. What profession are you going to choose?
Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and emigrated to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters seeking admissionto medical schools she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. So determined was she, that she gave music lessons to earn money for her teaching.
In 1849 after graduating from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon, but a serious eye infection forced her to give up the idea. Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another female doctor managed to open a new hospital, the first one for women and children. Besides being the first female physician and founding her own hospital, she also established the first medical school for women.
1. seeking admission –спрашивать разрешение о сдаче экзаменов при поступлении в какое – либо учебное заведение = делать запрос
2. graduating from – finishing
3. to further –продолжить
4 a surgeon –хирург
Билет № 5
I. Read the text and answer the questions.
When the brothers Lous Auguste Lumiere showed their first films in a Paris café in 1895, the audience was amazed to see images that moved. Soon cinemas began to open in cities across Europe Noth America. A new industry had arrived: movie-making.
Hollywood in the USA quickly became the capital of movie-making. The first studio opened there in 1912 and others soon followed. Land and labour were cheap at that time, and there was plenty of Californian sunshine to provide natural light for filming outside. While Europe was at the war (World War One lasted from 1914 to 1918), Hollywood made hundreds of movies. This was the time of” silent movies”. Many cinemas had pianos, and pianists played music to accompany the films. The dialogue appeared in writing every thirty seconds or so.
The era of “silent movies” finished in 1927, when the film “The Jazz Singer” was released. In this film, the actors spoke and sang. Audiences loved the new “talking pictures”. The 1930s became the golden age of Hollywood, and more people visited the cinema than ever before. The 1930s was the time of economic depression, and audiences everywhere wanted a chance to forget their problems for a few hours and enter a magic world of song, dance, romance and adventure.
In the 1940s, a new challengeappeared: television. Cinema audiences fell by almost fifty percent as people stayed at home to watch their new television. People began to think the movie industry would die.. But teenagers soon came back to the cinema. It was a place they could go without their parents! Today, a large majority, if not most cinema audiences, is under the age of 25.
Cheap –not expensive, release –выпустить, majority - большинство
1. What is the main idea of the film?
2. Where was the first film shown?
3. What is Hollywood?
4. The first films were sound, weren’t they?
5. What is older: cinema or television?
II. Read the text and retell it. Are there any attractions in your country?
WHAT IS THE TOWER?
Throughout its 900-year history the Tower has been many things: a palace, a fortress, a prison, a place of execution, and even a zoo.
Today, the Tower is best known as a historical museum and more than 2 million people visit it each year.
About 150 people and eight ravens live in the Tower. And of course the whole place is crawling with ghosts.
The Tower of London was started in 1066 by William the Conqueror.
The oldest building on the territory of the Tower is the White Tower. This is where the kings of England once ate, slept and ran the country.
Later kings made the Tower larger and stronger and built walls, a moat, smaller and more comfortable palaces.
The last palace built in the Tower was the Queen's House. It was probably built for Queen Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII. But she lived there only as a prisoner for 18 days awaiting her execution. She was beheaded not far from the palace — on Tower Green.
Билет № 6