Exercise 20. Write in the correct form of each verb in Past Simple
On the 15-th of October, two men (1)______ (to try) to get to the top of Everest. They (2)_______ (to make) their camp at the bottom of the mountain. They (3) _____ (to feel) very well in it. It (4)______ (to be) the highest camp on the mountain. The night before the climb, they (5) ______ (to drink) tea and had supper. They (6)_______ (to discuss) what to take with them to the top. They (7)_______ (to decide) to leave their sleeping bags and tents behind because the equipment (8) ________ (to be) too heavy.
Early in the morning they (9) ________ (to have) breakfast and (10)_______ (to get) dressed. Then they (11)_______ (to start) to go up the mountain. It (12)________ (to be) extremely difficult. The snow (13)______ (to be) very deep. After a long, hard fight they (14) _______ (to reach) the top together. They (15)___________ (to laugh), (16)_________ (to shout) and (17)_______ (to take) some photographs. Then the sun (18)_________ (to disappear) and the two men (19) _______ (to realise) they (20)_____ (to be) on the top of Everest and it (21)________ (to be) almost night.
Their camp (22)______ (to be) too far to reach. They (23)_______ (to go) a little way down the mountain, but there (24)_______ (to be) no moon and it (25)________ (to be) too dangerous. They (26)________ (to have) to spend the night on the mountain, at about 10,000 metres, with no tent, sleeping bags or food. They (27)_________ (to believe) it (28)_________ (to be) possible. They (29)_________ (to dig) a hole in the snow, and (30)_______ (to bury) themselves. They (31)_______ (not to sleep). It (32)______ (to be) -30 °C.
When the light (33) ________ (to come) at last they (34) _______ (to begin) climbing down, and soon they (35) ________ (to get) to their camp. Everybody (36)_________ (to be) happy.
Exercise 21. Put 5 types of questions to the sentences.
Jack’s roommate went to the cinema yesterday.
He waited for his friend outside the theatre.
Exercise 22. Read the short biographical note and ask questions. Use the words in brackets.
Urusevsky as an Artist
Sergei Urusevsky, the outstanding Russian cinematographer, was born in 1908. (When?) He started his career as an artist. He studied art in Saint-Petersburg under the well-known artist Favorsky. (Where?) At the Art Institute Urusevsky tried his hand at painting, etching and photography. (What?) He graduated from the institute at the age of 27. (At what age?) Favorsky gave him a letter of introduction to Pudovkin (Who?) because he knew of Urusevsky’s interest in film photography. (Why?) This is how it happened that Urusevsky took part in the shooting of Pudovkin’s film “The Victory” (1935) as an assistant cameraman. (How?) During his long film career Urusevsky shot a great number of films, which brought him popularity. (How many films?) His best motion pictures were “The 41st”, “The Cranes are Flying” and “I am Cuba”. (What?) Urusevsky made a valuable contribution to film photography, because he never stopped experimenting. (Why?) With the help of expressive close-ups and a dynamic hand camera, he managed to convey the inner life of the characters. (How?) There was inner likeness between his camera-work and painting. As a cameraman he showed a good taste of a painter in lighting his film portraits, sets and locations. Modern form was typical for his paintings and his films. At the end of his life, Urusevsky turned to film direction. (What?) The last film he made as a director was a movie about Esenin. Urusevsky died in 1974. (When?) But his films will always remain in the history of film art. (What?)