II. Выберите правильную форму глагола
1.How long… (has Ann been living/does Ann live) in Moscow? 2.Mike… (has been buying/has bought) tickets for the train. 3.He… (has visited /has been visiting ) ten museums today. 4.How long …(have you been learning/have you learnt)English? 5.He …(has been working/has worked) at that factory since he came to Moscow. 6.I feel tired as I … (have been working/ have worked) in the garden for several hours. 7.What …(have you been doing/ have you done) here since early morning? 8.I … (have been preparing/have prepared) for my examination for a long time. 9.Since when … (have you been working/have worked) at Sony? 10.I… (have played/have been playing) tennis since I was a boy.
III. Закончите предложения, употребляя Present Perfect Progressive.
Образец: The rain started two hours ago. It's still raining now. It has been raining for two hours.
1.Years ago you started writing to a pen-friend. You still write to each other. We ... for years. 2.Ann began looking for a job two months ago. She's still. looking for a job. She ... for two months. 3.Mary started working at this office on 18 May. She's still working there. She ... since 18 May. 4.He started learning Italian in September. He is still learning. it. He ... since September. 5.We began waiting for the bus 20 minutes ago.We are still waiting. We ... for 20 minutes. 6. You have a friend who is learning German. How long … he German? 7.One of yours friends is having a party next week. How long … he (to prepare) for it? 8. Your mother is a teacher. How long … she (to teach Russian literature) to foreign students? 9.You are at the bus-stop. You are waiting for your friend. How long … you (to wait) for him?
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Прошедшее совершенное длительное время
The Past Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в форме Past Perfect ( had been ) и причастия настоящего времени смыслового глагола - Present Participle (IV-я форма или ing-форма).
|●действие длилось до определенного момента и совершалось в прошлом- «предпрошедшее в процессе».||I had been waiting for my friend for an hour, when she came. Я ждала подругу уже час, когда она пришла.|
|● всегда указан период времени , в течение которого длилось действие: for an hour в течение часа, for some time; либо момент, с которого началось действие: since yesterday со вчерашнего дня, since she came c тех пор, как она вернулась||We had been talking about a new house for many years. Мы много лет говорили о новом доме.|
|●указан момент длительного прошедшего действия, начавшегося ранее какого-то момента в прошлом или другого прошедшего действия, выраженного в Past Indefinite||When you phoned me, I had been listening to music for some time. Когда ты позвонила, я уже слушала музыку.|
1.I was told your friend had been waiting for half an hour before you rang him. 2.He said he had looked for the magazine everywhere, but could not find it. 3.My friend had been serving in the army for ten years before he went to work at the institute. 4.We had been listening to the play for half an hour before the phone rang. 5.They had been discussing the plan for half an hour when I joined them. 6.Не said that he had been studying English for three years. 7.They had been sailing for ten days when at last they saw land. 8.They said that they had been working here since they graduated from the institute. 9.She had been sleeping for three hours when we returned. 10. We had been traveling for a week when the car broke down. 11.Her eyes were red. I saw she had been crying. 12.She had been resting for three hours when we returned. 13. At last we found the path we had been looking for. 14. We had been traveling for a week when the car broke down.
1. Когда я приехал на юг, они отдыхали там уже два месяца. 2.Когда он пришел, телефон звонил уже 5 минут. 3.Когда прозвенел звонок, школьники писали тест уже полтора часа. 4.Когда мы познакомились, он работал в институте уже 4 года. 5. Когда наконец поезд подошел, мы стояли на платформе уже 40 минут. 6.Мы путешествовали неделю, когда добрались до Киева. 7.Наконец мы нашли подарок, который искали. 8.Когда мы вернулись, она спала уже 3 часа. 9.Дождь шел уже 2 часа, когда я пошел на работу. 10.Роберт чувствовал себя усталым, так как играл в футбол в течение нескольких часов. 11. Мой папа работает в институте с 1995 года. 12.Они играют в волейбол с детства. 13. Мы изучаем английский язык с 1998 года. 14.Дедушка смотрит телевизор с шести часов.
III.Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.
1. This man (to be) a writer. He (to write) books. He (to write) books since he was a young man. He already (to write) eight books. 2. What you (to do) here since morning? 3. Lena is a very good girl. She always (to help) her mother about the house. Today she (to help) her mother since morning. They already (to wash) the floor and (to dust) the furniture. Now they (to cook) dinner together. 4. He (to run) now. He (to run) for ten minutes without any rest. 5. What they (to do) now? – They (to work) in the reading room. They (to work) there for already three hours. 6. Where he (to be) in the garden. He (to play) volleyball with his friends. They (to play) since breakfast time. 7. I (to live) in St. Petersburg. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1990. 8.This is the factory where my father (to work). He (to work) here for fifteen years. 9.You (to find) your notebook? – No! I still (to look) for it. I already (to look) for it for two hours, but (not yet to find) it. 10.You (to play) with a ball for already three hours. Go home and do your homework. 11.Wake up! You (to sleep) for ten hours already. 12. I (to wait) for your letter for a month already, but (not yet to receive) it. 13. She already (to do) her homework for two hours; but she (not yet to do) half of it. 14. I (to wait) for you since two o’clock. 15. What you (to do)? – I (to read) for already two hours. I already (to read) sixty pages. 16.It is difficult for me to speak about this opera as I (not to hear) it. 17.I just (to receive) a letter from my granny, but I (not yet to receive) any letters from my parents. 18. The weather (to be) fine today. The sun (to shine) ever since we got up. 19. Every day I (to wind) up my watch at 10 o’clock in the evening.