V. Вставьте пропущенные слова. Переведите предложения на русский язык. 1.People leave if they want to find a better -----.

a b c d e
employees description pension training job

1.People leave if they want to find a better -----.

2.A skilled worker has special ------or knowledge to do a job.

3.When we apply for a job,things like pay and -----can be important.

4.Many modern --------want jobs that give them enough free time .

5.A product ------contains details about its special features.

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VI. Переведите письменно слова 1-5. Подберите к словам соответствующие определения.

1. vertical a) at a slow, unchanging rate

2.socialist b) going straight up and down

3.standard c) something aiming to share wealth


4.predictable d) something you know will happen

5.steady e) usual or typical

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VII. Соедините части предложений (1-4) и (a-d) по смыслу.

1.Microeconomics is a bridge

2. The aim of studying macroeconomics is

3. Money has many advantages

4. Business cycles are the patterns

a) of expansions & contractions in the economy.

b) over the barter system .

c) to understand how an economy works.

d) between the businesses and the end consumers .

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VIII. Прочитайте и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст.


Trade is the transfer of ownership of goods and services from one person or entity to another. Trade is sometimes loosely called commerce or financial transaction or barter. A network that allows trade is called a market. The original form of trade was barter, the direct exchange of goods and services. Later one side of the barter were the metals, precious metals, bills, paper money. Modern trades generally use a medium of exchange, such as money. As a result, buying can be separated from selling, or earning. The invention of money (and later credit, paper money and non-physical money) greatly simplified and promoted trade. Trade between two traders is called bilateral trade, between more than two traders is called multilateral trade.

Trade exists due to specialization and division of labor, most people concentrate on a small aspect of production. Trade exists between regions because different regions have a comparative advantage in the production of some commodity, or because different regions’ size allows for the benefits of mass production. As such, trade at market prices between locations benefits both locations.

Retail trade consists of the sale of goods or merchandise from a very fixed location, such as a department store, boutique or kiosk, or by mail, in small or individual lots for direct consumption by the purchaser. Wholesale trade is defined as the sale of goods or merchandise to retailers, to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users, or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services.

Iх. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы:

1.What was the original form of trade?

2.What do modern trades generally use as a medium of exchange?

3. How is the wholesale trade defined?

Вариант 9

I.Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную формы.

1.The meeting took place via video.

2.It took 20 years to build up the business to a chain of hotels.

3. Bookkeepers first record all the appropriate figures in journals.

II. КОПРы (Simple, Continuous(Progressive), Perfect).Прочитайте предложения (1-4) и вставьте пропущенные словосочетания (a-d) в пропуски: a) has fallen b) decreased c)attends d) are attracting.

1.Free-trade zones are ------------- the service sector.

2. Mister Brown never ---------- a meeting. He always sends me.

3.Spending on household equipment ------------ slightly after 1998.

4.The price of soft drinks ------------recently.

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