A. Match professions with their definitions

Professional people

architect teaches in a university
lawyer plans for buildings of roads, bridges, machines, etc
engineer controls the financial situation of people and companies
accountant designs buildings
university lecturer buys and sells stocks and shares
broker (stock market) works for the government
civil servant represents people with legal problems

Medical professions

doctor animal doctor
nurse operates on people
surgeon gives medical treatment and tries to solve medical problem
dentist helps people to solve personal problems
vet practices dentistry
psychologist looks after and takes care of others

Manual jobs (these jobs are done with hands and all the examples given

below are skilled jobs and need a lot of training)

bricklayer makes things using wood
carpenter repairs cars
plumber fits and repairs electrical things
electrician builds walls
mechanic fits and repairs water pipes, bathrooms etc.

Armed forces and emergency services

soldier serves in the navy
sailor is in the police service
pilot works in the fire brigade
police officer serves in the army
firefighter flies the aircraft

B. Write down at least one job from the list that would probably be impossible for these people.

1) Someone who didn’t go to the university

2) Someone with very bad eyesight (cannot see very well)

3) Someone who is always seasick on a boat

4) Someone who understands nothing about cars.

5) Someone who will not work in the evening or at weekends.

6) Someone who is afraid of dogs.

7) Someone who is afraid of heights and high places.

8) Someone who is terrible at numbers and figures.

9) Someone who can’t stand the sight of blood.

10) Someone who is a pacifist, who is anti-war.

C. You have just bought a piece of land and you are planning to build a house on it. Write down at least six people that you may need to help you. What would you need their help for?


A. Discuss.

v Where were you born and brought up?

v Who is the core of your family?

v How many people form a family?

v What’s the ideal age to start up a family life?

v Does any ideal family exist?

B. Study the following.

Relatives = members of your family

  male female
Your parents' parents grandfather grandmother
Your parents' brother and sister uncle(s) aunt(s)
Your aunt's/uncle's children cousin(s) cousin(s)
The father and mother of the person you marry father-in-law mother-in-law
The brother and sister of the person you marry brother-in-law sister-in-law
Your brother's/sister's children nephew(s) niece(s)
The person you marry dies, so you are a ... widower widow
Your mother or father remarries, so you have a… step-father step- mother

Family background = family history

My grandfather was a market gardener in Ireland. He grew flowers, fruit and vegetables, and sold them in the market every day. He worked hard all his life, and when he died, his son (now my uncle) and daughter (my mother) inherited a large house and garden (= received this house and garden from my grandfather when he died). They carried on the business together until my mother met my father. He wasthree yearsher senior. (She was 3 years junior to him). They got married, moved to England, and I was born two years later. They didn't have any more children, so I am an only child.

Family names

When you are born, your family gives you a first name, e.g. James, Kate. Sarah and Alex are common first names in Britain. Yourfamily name (also called your surname) is the one that all the family share e.g. Smith, Brown, Jones, and O'Neil are common surnames in Britain. Some parents give their children a middle name (like a first name), but you do not usually say this name. Your full name is all the names you have, e.g. Sarah Jane Smith.

Changing times

Society changes and so do families. In some places, people may decide to live together but do not get married. They are not husband and wife, but call each other their partner. There are also many families in some parts of the world where the child or children live(s) with just their mother or father; these are sometimes tailed single-parent families.


We can use a number of adjectives before friend:

an old friend (= someone you have known for a long time)

a closefriend (= a good friend; someone you like and trust)

your best friend (= the one friend you feel closest to)

We use the word colleagues to describe the people we work with.


We use this for a husband/wife/boуfriend/girlfriend we bid in the past but do not have now: The children stay with my ex-husband at the weekend. I saw an ex-girlfriend of mine at the disco last night.

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