A. Match professions with their definitions
|architect||teaches in a university|
|lawyer||plans for buildings of roads, bridges, machines, etc|
|engineer||controls the financial situation of people and companies|
|university lecturer||buys and sells stocks and shares|
|broker (stock market)||works for the government|
|civil servant||represents people with legal problems|
|nurse||operates on people|
|surgeon||gives medical treatment and tries to solve medical problem|
|dentist||helps people to solve personal problems|
|psychologist||looks after and takes care of others|
Manual jobs (these jobs are done with hands and all the examples given
below are skilled jobs and need a lot of training)
|bricklayer||makes things using wood|
|plumber||fits and repairs electrical things|
|mechanic||fits and repairs water pipes, bathrooms etc.|
Armed forces and emergency services
|soldier||serves in the navy|
|sailor||is in the police service|
|pilot||works in the fire brigade|
|police officer||serves in the army|
|firefighter||flies the aircraft|
B. Write down at least one job from the list that would probably be impossible for these people.
1) Someone who didn’t go to the university
2) Someone with very bad eyesight (cannot see very well)
3) Someone who is always seasick on a boat
4) Someone who understands nothing about cars.
5) Someone who will not work in the evening or at weekends.
6) Someone who is afraid of dogs.
7) Someone who is afraid of heights and high places.
8) Someone who is terrible at numbers and figures.
9) Someone who can’t stand the sight of blood.
10) Someone who is a pacifist, who is anti-war.
C. You have just bought a piece of land and you are planning to build a house on it. Write down at least six people that you may need to help you. What would you need their help for?
VOCABULARY 2: FAMILY & FRIENDS
v Where were you born and brought up?
v Who is the core of your family?
v How many people form a family?
v What’s the ideal age to start up a family life?
v Does any ideal family exist?
B. Study the following.
Relatives = members of your family
|Your parents' parents||grandfather||grandmother|
|Your parents' brother and sister||uncle(s)||aunt(s)|
|Your aunt's/uncle's children||cousin(s)||cousin(s)|
|The father and mother of the person you marry||father-in-law||mother-in-law|
|The brother and sister of the person you marry||brother-in-law||sister-in-law|
|Your brother's/sister's children||nephew(s)||niece(s)|
|The person you marry dies, so you are a ...||widower||widow|
|Your mother or father remarries, so you have a…||step-father||step- mother|
Family background = family history
My grandfather was a market gardener in Ireland. He grew flowers, fruit and vegetables, and sold them in the market every day. He worked hard all his life, and when he died, his son (now my uncle) and daughter (my mother) inherited a large house and garden (= received this house and garden from my grandfather when he died). They carried on the business together until my mother met my father. He wasthree yearsher senior. (She was 3 years junior to him). They got married, moved to England, and I was born two years later. They didn't have any more children, so I am an only child.
When you are born, your family gives you a first name, e.g. James, Kate. Sarah and Alex are common first names in Britain. Yourfamily name (also called your surname) is the one that all the family share e.g. Smith, Brown, Jones, and O'Neil are common surnames in Britain. Some parents give their children a middle name (like a first name), but you do not usually say this name. Your full name is all the names you have, e.g. Sarah Jane Smith.
Society changes and so do families. In some places, people may decide to live together but do not get married. They are not husband and wife, but call each other their partner. There are also many families in some parts of the world where the child or children live(s) with just their mother or father; these are sometimes tailed single-parent families.
We can use a number of adjectives before friend:
an old friend (= someone you have known for a long time)
a closefriend (= a good friend; someone you like and trust)
your best friend (= the one friend you feel closest to)
We use the word colleagues to describe the people we work with.
We use this for a husband/wife/boуfriend/girlfriend we bid in the past but do not have now: The children stay with my ex-husband at the weekend. I saw an ex-girlfriend of mine at the disco last night.