Exercise 39. Match the synonyms
1. presumption A. especially
2. genuine B. empty
3. rare C. thoughtless
4. alter D. imply
5. vacuous E. presupposition
6. squander F. effort
7. deleterious G. harmful
8. effect H. far between
9. mindless I. influence
10. corporate J. very small
11. particularly K. change
12. response L. morph
13. minuscule M. reaction
14. endeavour N. collaborative
15. involve O. waste
16. evolve P. authentic
Exercise 40. Look through the list of controversial movies that have become
Commercially successful in filmmaking history. Which of them have
you watched? Give your opinion on what makes them successful.
1. “Pulp Fiction”
3. “Dead Poets”
7. “One flew over the Cuckoo’s nest”
Exercise 41 . There are 20 hidden words in this word search. Can you find them all?
Words go from left to right, from right to left, from top to bottom.
READING AND WRITING
Exercise 42. Do you know how an essay is written?
Read information below to understand an essay structure
And see its graphic representation.
Structure of an Essay: Introduction, Body Paragraphs, Conclusion
The creation of a professional essay requires a lot of knowledge form the writer, but the first thing to know and to remember is the peculiarity of the essay’s structure. Each and every essay is written according to a basic structure that does not change: introduction and the body followed by a conclusion. The structure is the core of each paper that helps the writer to make a very well founded written construct. In order to compose an essay accurately, the way it should be, it is necessary to keep in mind the main hints concerning the contents of the essay structure elements.
Basic essay structure:
o Introduction of any essay should be no longer than 1/10 of its length. If the essay itself must be of a significant size the introduction may have several paragraphs; in the rest of the cases it consists of one solid paragraph.
o The contents of an introduction always have a deductive nature, as it leads the reader from the general views or positions on the analyzed topics to the specific narrow theme of the essay.
o Opening sentences introducing the topic of the essay.
o Background information on it (gradually leading to the analyzed aspect of the theme).
o Literature techniques to grab the reader’s attention.
o A strong thesis statementdefining and statingthe point the author is making in the essay, the paper’s main argument.
o Body paragraph 1.
o Body paragraph 2.
o Body paragraph 3, etc.
o The body of a basic essay may have as many body paragraphs as it is necessary to prove the author’s argument of the thesis statement.
o It is vital to keep in mind that each paragraph is supposed to have one main argument to analyze and has to reveal it in one solid thought in a sentence called the topic sentence.Therefore the number of the body paragraphs equals thenumber of topic sentences.
o Each body paragraph must be connected to thefollowing one with a logical link.
o It is usually written in one solid paragraph.
o The conclusion always deals with summing up the essay arguments revealed in the topic sentences and therefore presents substantial evidence to prove the thesis statement.
o It is also vital to mention the importance of the general conclusion of the essay.
Graphically the structure of any essay can be presented like this:
Exercise 43. a) Skim the Sample Essay below “Factors of Titanic’sCommercial Success”
which is written according to the following plan:
1) Plot resonates with the dreams and fears, beliefs and values of its target audience. Real life relevance;
2) Ordinary protagonist and his environment;
3) Star power;
5) New technologies and special effects;
7) Release date and marketing plan;
8) Critics’ reviews.
While skimming, count paragraphs to grasp the text organization. Does the number of paragraphs correspond to the number of plan points?
b) Scan the Sample Essay again to find:
o opening sentences introducing the topic of the essay;
o thesis statement;
o topic sentence(s) of each body paragraph;
o sentences that serve as links between body paragraphs.
Does conclusionsum up the essay arguments revealed in the topic sentences?