Exercise 5. Rewrite the following phrases according to the example
a factory which produces automobiles – an automobile factory
a man who drives a bus – a bus driver
a machine that washes dishes – a dishwasher
paper for writing letters – writing paper
1. a shop that sells books
2. an editor of a newspaper
3. a person who pays taxes
4. a brush for shoes
5. cake made with raisin
6. a garage for cars
7. a company which provides insurance
8. a bag made of leather
9. a tool for sharpening pencils
10. a book which has cheques
11. a machine for washing clothes
12. a license to drive a car
13. a person who dresses and cuts hair
14. an office that sells tickets
15. a device for opening tins
A. Make up compound structures according to the example.
a child who is five years old – a five year old child
1. a man whose weight is six feet
2. a walk which covers three miles
3. a programme which lasts half an hour
4. a flight which takes two hours and a half
5. a hotel having four stars
6. a lorry which can carry 5 tonnes
7. a field of fifty acres
B. Paraphrase the sentence according to the example.
She’s got a flat of two rooms. – She’s got a two-room flat.
1. He covered a distance of two miles.
2. Her holiday in California lasted 10 days.
3. They decided to take an interval of three hours.
4. She lives in a building that has sixteen storeys.
5. His call to Paris lasted five minutes.
6. While I was on holidays I met two charming girls of twenty years old.
7. He saw a film of two series yesterday.
8. She bought two bags of potatoes that weigh five kilos.
9. He gave us a banknote of fifty dollars to change.
10. I wrote a composition which covered twenty pages.
Exercise 7. What do we call these things and people? Use the structure noun + noun.
1. a ticket for a concert is a concert ticket
2. a magazine about computers is ___________
3. pictures taken on your vacation are your ____________
4. chocolate made with milk is _____________
5. somebody whose job is to inspect factories is ____________
6. a lawyer from Vacouver is ___________
7. the results of your exams are your _____________
8. a race for horses is _____________
9. a horse that runs in races is ____________
10. the carpet in the dining room is ______________
11. a scandal involving an oil company is ______________
12. a question that has two parts is ____________
13. a girl who is seven years old is ____________
14. a building with five stories is _____________
Exercise 8. Complete the sentences using one of the following:
|15 minute(s)||five day(s)||two hour(s)||ten page(s)|
|60 minute(s)||five course(s)||20 dollar(s)||500 year(s)|
|six mile(s)||two year(s)||six mile(s)||450 page(s)|
Sometimes you need the singular (day, page, etc.) and sometimes the plural (days, pages, etc.).
1. It’s a very long book. There are 450 pages.
2. A few days ago I received a ten-page letter from Julia.
3. I didn’t have any change. I only had a __________ bill.
4. At work I usually have a ___________ coffee break in the morning.
5. There are ____________ in an hour.
6. It’s only a ____________ flight from London to Madrid.
7. It was a big meal. There were ____________.
8. Mary has just started a new job. She has a ___________ contract.
9. The oldest building in the city is the ______________-old castle.
10. I work ________________ a week. I’m off on Saturday and Sunday.
11. We went for a ____________ walk in the country.
12. We went for a long walk in the country. We walked __________.
Exercise 9. Cover the compounds below and read the meanings. Do you know the compounds, or can you guess them?
|an official document that shows you are qualified to drive||driving license|
|an official document showing when and where you were born||birth certificate|
|a part for a car or machine to replace an old or broken part||spare part|
|a person walking past a place by chance||passer-by|
|a short holiday from Friday to Sunday, or Saturday to Monday||long weekend|
|the number of years that a person is likely to live||life expectancy|
|a path or route that is quicker than the normal way||short cut / shortcut|
|clothes that you wear to a party to make you appear a different character||fancy dress|
|a short and usually very old song or poem for young children||nursery rhyme|
|a machine into which you put money in the hope of winning more back||fruit/ slot machine|
|your closest living relative (often used on official documents)||next of kin|