A. Replace the underlined word with a more appropriate word that forms a compound
1. Do you know a short way to the school from here?
2. I ripped my shirt on the twisted wire around the field.
3. What’s the average life length for men in your country?
4. I stepped on a drawing nail; it really hurt.
5. I need some paper staples to put these notes together.
6. Have you got any nail paint?
7. Is it easy to get new parts for your car?
8. I stopped and asked a walker-by where the park was.
B. Complete the compound in each sentence. Write answers to the questions ABOUT YOU or ask another student.
1 Have you got a driving ___________? How long have you had it?
2 Have you written your next of __________ in your passport? Who is yours?
3 Have you been to a __________ dress party? If so, who did you go as?
4 Do you remember any nursery _________? If so, which ones?
5 When did you last go away for a long __________? Where did you go?
6 Do you know where your birth ___________is? If so, where is it?
7 Do you ever play on__________ machines? If so, do you often win?
Exercise 10. Cover the compounds below and read the meanings. Do you know the compounds, or can you guess them?
|We had torrential rain last night.||very heavy rain.|
|They are predicting gale-force winds tonight.||very strong winds.|
|I had considerable difficulty getting here.||a lot of difficulty. SYN great difficulty.|
|The storms caused extensive damage.||a lot of damage. SYN widespread damage.|
|He speaks with a strong accent.||a very noticeable accent. SYN slight accent.|
|It was a great honour to meet the president.||an action or occasion that creates a feeling of pride.|
|We made a real effort to finish it on time.||a big effort. SYN special/concerted effort.|
|My main concern is the effect of the drugs.||biggest worry. SYN principal concern (also|
|growing concern = an increasing concern).|
|It's nice to see a familiar face.||a person who you recognize and know.|
|Could you give us a brief summary?||a short statement giving the main points of sth.|
|It was a classic example of his stupidity.||a very typical example of sth. SYN perfect example.|
|I had to face strong criticism over this issue.||a lot of disapproval from others. SYN fierce|
|criticism (also widespread criticism).|
|The place was in utter chaos when I arrived.||a state of complete confusion. SYN total chaos.|
|The children had a narrow escape.||= they were lucky to get away safely.|
A. Replace the underlined adjective with a different adjective which keeps
The same meaning.
1. I had great difficulty with it.
2. What’ s your main concern?
3. Was there extensive damage?
4. Why is there strongcriticism?
5. It’ll be totalchaos.
6. It’s a perfect example of his writing.
B. Complete the dialogues.
1. Were you proud to meet her? - Yes, it was a great ____________.
2.Did you know anyone at the event? - Yes, there were one or two familiar________.
3. Can you give us the details? - No, but I'll give you a brief ___________.
4. Did you try hard enough? - Yes, everyone made a real ____________.
5. Many people disapprove of it. - Yes, there's been widespread ____________.
6. Did they know what to do? - No, it was utter_____________.
7. Does she still sound very foreign? - Yes, she has quite a strong _______________.
8. The car missed me by inches. - So, you had a very narrow________________.
C.Complete the text.
(1) _________ rain and (2) ___________ winds have caused (3) __________ chaos on many roads. The emergency services have had (4) __________ difficulty clearing some of the roads, and have been out all night in a (5) ___________ effort to help stranded motorists. The Highway Agency has said their (6) __________ concern now is to clear the roads of abandoned cars. It is feared that local villages will also have suffered (7) ___________ damage, and there is already (8) ____________ criticism of the authorities.
Exercise 11. Complete these short conversations using compound nouns or noun phrases made from the words in brackets.
A. A: I hear you've got a new job. Congratulations!
B: Thanks, but it's nothing special - it's just an ordinary (1) nine-to-five job (job which starts at nine and goes on until five).
A: It's in a (2) (shop which sells books), isn't it?
B: Yes, Red Lion Books in the (3) (part of town that is in the centre).
B. A: So, tell me again. What do I need to make Chicken Tonnato?
B: OK, you'll need some (4) (breasts which are from a chicken) and a (5) (tin which contains tuna). You'll also need to get some (6) (puree which is made from tomatoes).
A: OK, how much? B: Two (7) (cups which are full).
С. A: I'm making a (8) (list of things to buy at the shops). Is there anything you want me to get?
B: We need some tea and some coffee.
A: Do you want (9) (bags which contain tea) or (10) (leaves from a tea plant)?
D. A: Have you seen my (11) (case I keep my glasses in)?
B: I think I saw it lying on the (12) (table in the kitchen).
A: I've looked there and I didn't see it.
B: Have you looked in the (13) (bedroom which the children sleep in)?