A. Replace the underlined word with a more appropriate word that forms a compound

1. Do you know a short way to the school from here?

2. I ripped my shirt on the twisted wire around the field.

3. What’s the average life length for men in your country?

4. I stepped on a drawing nail; it really hurt.

5. I need some paper staples to put these notes together.

6. Have you got any nail paint?

7. Is it easy to get new parts for your car?

8. I stopped and asked a walker-by where the park was.


B. Complete the compound in each sentence. Write answers to the questions ABOUT YOU or ask another student.

1 Have you got a driving ___________? How long have you had it?

2 Have you written your next of __________ in your passport? Who is yours?

3 Have you been to a __________ dress party? If so, who did you go as?

4 Do you remember any nursery _________? If so, which ones?

5 When did you last go away for a long __________? Where did you go?

6 Do you know where your birth ___________is? If so, where is it?

7 Do you ever play on__________ machines? If so, do you often win?

Exercise 10. Cover the compounds below and read the meanings. Do you know the compounds, or can you guess them?

We had torrential rain last night. very heavy rain.
They are predicting gale-force winds tonight. very strong winds.
I had considerable difficulty getting here. a lot of difficulty. SYN great difficulty.
The storms caused extensive damage. a lot of damage. SYN widespread damage.
He speaks with a strong accent. a very noticeable accent. SYN slight accent.
It was a great honour to meet the president. an action or occasion that creates a feeling of pride.
We made a real effort to finish it on time. a big effort. SYN special/concerted effort.
My main concern is the effect of the drugs. biggest worry. SYN principal concern (also
  growing concern = an increasing concern).
It's nice to see a familiar face. a person who you recognize and know.
Could you give us a brief summary? a short statement giving the main points of sth.
It was a classic example of his stupidity. a very typical example of sth. SYN perfect example.
I had to face strong criticism over this issue. a lot of disapproval from others. SYN fierce
  criticism (also widespread criticism).
The place was in utter chaos when I arrived. a state of complete confusion. SYN total chaos.
The children had a narrow escape. = they were lucky to get away safely.

A. Replace the underlined adjective with a different adjective which keeps

The same meaning.

1. I had great difficulty with it.

2. What’ s your main concern?

3. Was there extensive damage?

4. Why is there strongcriticism?

5. It’ll be totalchaos.

6. It’s a perfect example of his writing.

B. Complete the dialogues.

1. Were you proud to meet her? - Yes, it was a great ____________.

2.Did you know anyone at the event? - Yes, there were one or two familiar________.

3. Can you give us the details? - No, but I'll give you a brief ___________.

4. Did you try hard enough? - Yes, everyone made a real ____________.

5. Many people disapprove of it. - Yes, there's been widespread ____________.

6. Did they know what to do? - No, it was utter_____________.

7. Does she still sound very foreign? - Yes, she has quite a strong _______________.

8. The car missed me by inches. - So, you had a very narrow________________.

C.Complete the text.

(1) _________ rain and (2) ___________ winds have caused (3) __________ chaos on many roads. The emergency services have had (4) __________ difficulty clearing some of the roads, and have been out all night in a (5) ___________ effort to help stranded motorists. The Highway Agency has said their (6) __________ concern now is to clear the roads of abandoned cars. It is feared that local villages will also have suffered (7) ___________ damage, and there is already (8) ____________ criticism of the authorities.

Exercise 11. Complete these short conversations using compound nouns or noun phrases made from the words in brackets.

A. A: I hear you've got a new job. Congratulations!

B: Thanks, but it's nothing special - it's just an ordinary (1) nine-to-five job (job which starts at nine and goes on until five).

A: It's in a (2) (shop which sells books), isn't it?

B: Yes, Red Lion Books in the (3) (part of town that is in the centre).

B. A: So, tell me again. What do I need to make Chicken Tonnato?

B: OK, you'll need some (4) (breasts which are from a chicken) and a (5) (tin which contains tuna). You'll also need to get some (6) (puree which is made from tomatoes).

A: OK, how much? B: Two (7) (cups which are full).

С. A: I'm making a (8) (list of things to buy at the shops). Is there anything you want me to get?

B: We need some tea and some coffee.

A: Do you want (9) (bags which contain tea) or (10) (leaves from a tea plant)?

D. A: Have you seen my (11) (case I keep my glasses in)?

B: I think I saw it lying on the (12) (table in the kitchen).

A: I've looked there and I didn't see it.

B: Have you looked in the (13) (bedroom which the children sleep in)?

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